Anergy is a term in immunobiology that describes a lack of reaction by the body's defense mechanisms to foreign substances, and consists of a direct induction of peripheral lymphocyte tolerance. An individual in a state of anergy often indicates that the immune system is unable to mount a normal immune response against a specific antigen , usually a self-antigen. Lymphocytes are said to be anergic when they fail to respond to their specific antigen. Anergy is one of three processes that induce tolerance, modifying the immune system to prevent self-destruction the others being clonal deletion and immunoregulation. This phenomenon was first described in B lymphocytes by Gustav Nossal and termed "clonal anergy.

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Language: English French. Possible models to test this hypothesis are discussed. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Res Immunol. Published online Dec 9. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Elsevier hereby grants permission to make all its COVIDrelated research that is available on the COVID resource centre - including this research content - immediately available in PubMed Central and other publicly funded repositories, such as the WHO COVID database with rights for unrestricted research re-use and analyses in any form or by any means with acknowledgement of the original source.

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Clonal anergy




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