CHAMPIGNONS ENDOPHYTES PDF

Microbial Ecology of Leaves pp Cite as. The term epiphyte is used in general to characterize organisms that subsist only on plant surfaces. In the same volume, Carroll restricted the use of the term endophyte to organisms that cause asymptomatic infections within plant tissues, excluding pathogenic fungi and mutualists such as mycorrhizal fungi. In view of the additional findings discussed in this chapter, however, I feel that this definition is no longer tenable. This would account for those endophytic organisms that have a more or less lengthy epiphytic phase and also for latent pathogens that may live symptomless in their hosts for some time in their life.

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Plant-associated microbial diversity encompasses symbionts, protecting their host against various aggressions. Mycorrhizal and rhizospheric microorganisms buffer effects of soil toxic compounds and soil-borne pathogens. Endophytic bacteria and fungi, some of which are vertically inherited through seeds, take part in plant protection by acting directly on aggressive factors mainly pathogens and herbivores or by enhancing plant responses. Plant protective microbial symbionts determine the ecological success of plants; they drastically modify plant communities and related trophic webs.

This review suggests approaches to improve the inventory of diversity and functions of in situ plant-associated microorganisms. To cite this article: M. Selosse et al. Biologies Pour citer cet article : M. Journal page Archives Contents list. Olivier Sorg. Article Article Outline.

Access to the text HTML. Access to the PDF text. Recommend this article. Save as favorites. Access to the full text of this article requires a subscription. If you are a subscriber, please sign in 'My Account' at the top right of the screen. Symbiotic microorganisms, a key for ecological success and protection of plants. Outline Masquer le plan. Mycorrhizae: from trophic to protective effects. Other rhizospheric symbionts and their protective roles. Shoot and leaf endophytic protective microorganisms, and their transmission.

Microbial protection and plant ecological success. Final considerations and prospects. Top of the page - Article Outline. Contact Help Who are we? As per the Law relating to information storage and personal integrity, you have the right to oppose art 26 of that law , access art 34 of that law and rectify art 36 of that law your personal data.

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HANAULUX 2005 PDF

Canadian Journal of Microbiology

Plant-associated microbial diversity encompasses symbionts, protecting their host against various aggressions. Mycorrhizal and rhizospheric microorganisms buffer effects of soil toxic compounds and soil-borne pathogens. Endophytic bacteria and fungi, some of which are vertically inherited through seeds, take part in plant protection by acting directly on aggressive factors mainly pathogens and herbivores or by enhancing plant responses. Plant protective microbial symbionts determine the ecological success of plants; they drastically modify plant communities and related trophic webs. This review suggests approaches to improve the inventory of diversity and functions of in situ plant-associated microorganisms. To cite this article: M.

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