Elephant grass silages with or without wilting, with cassava meal in silage production. The experiment was developed to evaluate the effects of wilting and inclusion of cassava meal level on nutritive value, fermentative characteristics and losses of elephant grass silage. The 4 x 2 factorial scheme was adopted, with four repetitions, in a completely randomized design. The factors evaluated were wilting without and with and cassava meal level 0; 7. PVC silos with 50 cm height and 10 cm diameter were used for silages production, which were opened after 60 days. The wilting and cassava meal addition had increasing linear effect on DM content.

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Replacement of alfalfa hay Medicago sativa with maralfalfa hay Pennisetum sp. Criscioni P. Animal Feed Science and Technology Year: The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of substituting alfalfa Medicago sativa with maralfalfa Pennisetum sp. Ten Murciano-Granadina dairy goats in late lactation Diets were isoenergetic and isoproteic.

The goats were allocated to individual metabolism cages. After 17 d of adaptation, feed intake, total faecal and urine output and milk yield were recorded daily over a 5 d period. Then, gas exchange measurements were recorded individually by a mobile open-circuit indirect calorimetry system using a head box.

Daily dry matter intake was higher on A than on M diets 1. Greater values in M than A were found in rumen propionic acid Milk uric acid, a potential biomarker of rumen nitrogen flow and feed efficiency, was higher in A than M vs.

Higher milk yield 1. Use of tropical grasses such as maralfalfa in temperate climates could be a strategy for farmers to incorporate forage into feed for flocks, as milk chemical composition did not change markedly and maralfalfa inclusion reduced CH4 emissions by goats although this reduction did not occur in CH4 emission compared to dry matter intake and milk yield.

Chemical and organoleptic evaluation of maralfalfa silage Pennisetum sp. Elisa Paternina D. Objective: To evaluate the chemical composition and the organoleptic traits of maralfalfa silage Pennisetum sp. In addition, consumption and organoleptic traits were also analyzed using descriptive statistics, in 20 heifers, that received 30 kg of silage per treatment. Results: Nutritional variables showed different types of polynomial trends. Organoleptic traits for T3 and T4 were excellent.

The average consumption for T1, T2, T3 and T4 was 4. Conclusions: The inclusion of fresh cassava root contributed positively in the nutritional quality of maralfalfa silage and organoleptic traits.

Nutritional and fermentative quality of maralfalfa Pennisetum sp. Robledo F. Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias Year: Effect of cutting age and level of ground corn grain inclusion were determined on nutritional and fermentative quality of maralfalfa silages Pennisetum sp. The data obtained were analyzed under a completely randomized design with factorial arrangement 2x5, two cutting ages anda five corn levels. The addition of ground corn to silages improved nutritional and fermentative characteristics and reduced pH, and ammoniacal nitrogen in maralfalfa silages, which improved the conservation, quality and digestibility.

Results indicate that the production of maralfalfa silage more the addition of ground corn can improve protein content and digestibility, becoming in an option to incorporate into feeding of livestock. All rights reserved. Growth analysis of maralfalfa grass Pennisetum sp. Calzada-Marin J. The objective of this experiment was to conduct growth analysis on " Maralfalfa " grass Pennisetum sp. Data were analyzed using the GLM procedure of SAS, under an experimental design of randomized blocks, with repeated measures over time, with three replicates.

The maximum biomass production and CT was reached at d after planting with 37, kg DM ha-1 and kg DM ha-1 d-1, respectively. It also, recorded the highest percentage of RI Biomass production of stems and dead material production Maralfalfa grass are correlated positively with the increasing age of the plant.

The maximum growth rate coincides with the maximum production of leaves and stems and increased production of total biomass. Improving water use in fodder production. Mendoza-Grimon V. Water deficit in semi-arid regions limits the future of the livestock sector. Also, its high price represents a percentage of the total cost of forage production. Non-conventional water resources applied by subsurface drip irrigation SDI , in which the safe use lies in the management and not on the level of water treatment, would enhance the ruminant production sustainability.

To obtain the optimal benefit, the transformation of water per kilogram of dry matter produced must have a high grade of effectiveness. Under this premise, a maralfalfa crop Penissetum sp, hybridum has been established with an SDI system and reclaimed water. The use of the water management described in this paper can be profitable in the Canary Islands for fodder production. Noguera R. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of inclusion level and the concentration of sugarcane vinasse on fermentation and nutritional quality of Maralfalfa Penissetum sp silage.

The grass used was harvested manually at 60 days of age. The inclusion of vinasse led to increased protein concentration and reduced cell wall constituents in the silage.

The low content of ammonia nitrogen and the reduced concentration of acetic and butyric acid in the silages with vinasse indicate that vinasse reduced the microbiological activity during the fermentation process.

The sugarcane vinasse despite its acidic condition, had no effect on the pH values in the silages. The contribution of sugars and amino acids from stillage may have favored microbial growth and caused a rapid acidification of the medium, facilitating the conditions for high quality silage. All right reserved. Macchiavelli R. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the dry matter yield and quality performance of Maralfalfa forage obtained at six harvest intervals HI; 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 d on three dairies in northern Puerto Rico during the long day season.

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the dry matter yield and quality performance of Maralfalfa forage at six harvest intervals HI; 40,50,60,70,80,90 d at three dairy farms in northern Puerto Rico during the short day season. In the majority of the quality parameters under study, the HI of 40 and 50 days were significantly P 0. The HI of 50 days yielded forage of a quality not very inferior to that of the 40 days ex. Fernandez-Vera J. In semiarid regions, the increasing cost of imported forage is encouraging its replacement by on-farm produced fodder crops.

The aim of this study was to characterize the nutritive values of maralfalfa grass Pennisetum sp. During a maralfalfa grass experiment was conducted in a field of m2 on allophanic soils in the island of Hierro Canary Islands , under subtropical climate.

In a randomized block design, one linear meter from three different rows was sampled of plants from 30 to days. In a 50 m2 subplot, biodegraded liquid pig manure was applied. Crude Protein CP in plants was determined with and without it.

Another objective was to calculate N uptake which was added by manure and, the N depletion in soil in organic farming production. The results showed that the optimum age for harvesting was days and also allowed to obtain relationships between CP and the age of the plant. David-Ruales C. One of the impacts of aquaculture on the environment is the production of waste guts, skin, scales, etc. The project evaluated the effect of fish viscera silage in fattening sheep. Materials and methods. They were fed on fresh Maralfalfa Pennisetum spp and buttercup Tithonia diversifolia , fresh, and one group additionally received silage at a rate of 3.

The animals were weighed monthly to identify weight gain. Preliminary results indicate that silage can be used for feeding sheep, further research is sugested to determine digestibility and other levels of inclusion.

Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. University of Aarhus. Polytechnic University of Valencia. National Autonomous University of Mexico.

Colegio de Mexico. University of Antioquia. National University of Colombia. University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez. University of Puerto Rico at San Juan. Lasallista University Corporation. National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico. Technical State University of Quevedo. Technical University of Cotopaxi, Latacunga. University of Florida. This process generates an offline report composed of technology heat maps, complex keyword trends using topic modeling, geographic trends and competitor landscaping.

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Manual Pastos Tropicales

Embed Size px x x x x Fernando Roberto Feuchter Astiazarn. Obregn Sonora, Mxico C. El origen de la maralfalfa como cultivar o variedad es incierto, ya que puede ser de origen africano. Pennisetum violaceum Lam.


Nutritional and fermentative characteristics of Cameroon grass silage with Pelipita banana

DOI The objective of this research was to determine the nutritional and fermentative characteristics of Cameroon grass silage with replacement of immature Pelipita banana fruit Musa ABB. Each treatment had five replicates. The blends were stored for sixty days in 5 kg bags. Treatments that used immature fruit presented higher values of pH and ammonia nitrogen, than treatments that used molasses, treatments that used immature fruit also showed higher concentrations of non-fibrous carbohydrates and energy. However, in all treatments where the fruit was used, the concentration of the fiber components and the digestibility of the neutral detergent fiber were reduced, due to an increase in lignin concentration. The ensiled materials had the potential to produce 1.



Replacement of alfalfa hay Medicago sativa with maralfalfa hay Pennisetum sp. Criscioni P. Animal Feed Science and Technology Year: The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of substituting alfalfa Medicago sativa with maralfalfa Pennisetum sp. Ten Murciano-Granadina dairy goats in late lactation Diets were isoenergetic and isoproteic.


Frfa Maralfalfa Pennisetum Purpureum Sur Sonora 2013

Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Key words: lignocellulosic ethanol; hemicelluloses; cellulose. Genomic homeology between Pennisetum purpureum and Pennisetum glaucum Poaceae. The study of genomic relationships provides subsidies for the knowledge about phylogenetic relations and evolution, and is useful in breeding programs seeking gene introgression. Concerning elephant grass and pearl millet, the homeology between the genomes A and A', and between these and the genome B, has been reported by conventional cytogenetic techniques.

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