ENTOMOLOGI FORENSIK ADALAH PDF

Sains Malaysiana 43 10 : — Entomologi forensik adalah satu bidang ilmu yang menggunakan serangga sebagai bahan bukti untuk menganggarkan selang masa kematian atau selang post-mortem PMI. Penentuan PMI tersebut berdasarkan kepada saiz dan peringkat perkembangan serangga. Chrysomya villeneuvi merupakan salah satu spesies langau yang boleh dijadikan sebagai petunjuk yang baik untuk menganggarkan PMI apabila ia ditemukan pada mayat. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan suatu data asas dan graf perkembangan bagi lalat Ch. Data yang diperoleh juga digunakan untuk membangunkan jadual jam darjah terkumpul ADH.

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Sains Malaysiana 43 10 : — Entomologi forensik adalah satu bidang ilmu yang menggunakan serangga sebagai bahan bukti untuk menganggarkan selang masa kematian atau selang post-mortem PMI. Penentuan PMI tersebut berdasarkan kepada saiz dan peringkat perkembangan serangga.

Chrysomya villeneuvi merupakan salah satu spesies langau yang boleh dijadikan sebagai petunjuk yang baik untuk menganggarkan PMI apabila ia ditemukan pada mayat. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan suatu data asas dan graf perkembangan bagi lalat Ch. Data yang diperoleh juga digunakan untuk membangunkan jadual jam darjah terkumpul ADH. Justifikasi kajian dijalankan kerana data perkembangan lalat spesies ini belum dibangunkan di Malaysia.

Penentuan PMI terpaksa dilakukan dengan berpandukan kepada data perkembangan Ch. Ini akan menyebabkan pengiraan PMI menjadi kurang tepat. Kajian terdahulu juga hanya melibatkan kajian berkaitan morfologi dan tingkah laku spesies ini. Kajian perkembangan telur, larva dan pupa lalat Ch.

Sumber asal lalat dewasa diperoleh dengan meletakkan bangkai tikus di Pusat Penyelidikan Universiti Malaya, Batu 16, Gombak. Lalat dewasa dipelihara di makmal untuk dijadikan sumber koloni. Lebih kurang biji telur dibiakkan dengan meletakkannya ke dalam bekas yang mengandungi g hati lembu sebagai sumber makanan untuk larva yang baru menetas. Lima ekor larva diukur panjangnya setiap tiga jam untuk mendapatkan satu nilai purata untuk setiap suhu.

Pemprosesan slaid dan pengambilan foto larva dilakukan untuk mengetahui peringkat perkembangan larva. Semakin tinggi suhu dan nilai ADH , semakin pendek satu kitar hidup lalat Ch. Kajian ini menyatakan tentang tempoh peringkat dalam kitar hidup berdasarkan suhu membantu dalam pembangunan data ADH.

Kata kunci: Chrysomya villeneuvi ; jam darjah terkumpul ADH ; selang post-mortem; suhu. Forensic entomology is a field of knowledge that uses insects as evidence to estimate the duration after death or post mortem interval PMI.

The PMI determination is based on the developmental size and stage of the insects found on the dead body. Chrysomya villeneuvi is one of the important species of flies that can serve as an indicator for estimating the PMI. This study aimed to develop a database on the developmental progress of Ch. The data are also used to develop accumulated degree hours ADH tables. Justification of this study is because the developmental data of Ch. PMI determinations were made by referring to Ch. This will cause calculation of PMI becomes less precise.

Earlier studies also involve a relating morphology and behavior of this species. Observations on the development of eggs, larvae and pupae of Ch. These adult flies were reared in the laboratory as a source for the colony.

Approximately eggs were placed in a container with g of beef liver as a food source for newly hatched larvae. The lengths of five larvae were measured every 3 h to get an average value for size at each temperature. Photographs and slides were also processed to ascertain the larval development. The higher the temperature and the ADH , the shorter of the life cycle of flies Ch.

Knowledge about the duration of stages in a temperature-dependent life cycle facilitates the development of ADH data. Pengaruh suhu ke atas perkembangan larva lalat Chrysomya megacephala Fabricius dan Chrysomya rufifacies Macquart Diptera: Calliphoridae : Aplikasi dalam sains forensik. Jurnal Sains Kesihatan Malaysia 7 2 : Ahmad, F. Indonesian Journal of Legal and Forensic Sciences 1 1 : Journal of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 30 2 : Ames, C.

Low temperature episodes in development of blowflies: Implications for post-mortem interval estimation. Journal of Medical and Veterinary Entomol ogy 17 2 : Amendt, J. Forensic entomology: Applications and limitations. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology 7 4 : Best practice in forensic entomology-standards and guidelines. International Journal of Legal Medicine Barros-Souza, A. Development period of forensic importance Calliphoridae Diptera: Brachycera in urban area under natural condition in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.

EntomoBrasilis 5 2 : Byrd, J. Effect of temperature on Coahliomyia macellaria Diptera: Calliphoridae development. Journal of Medical Entomology Charabidzea, D. Effect of body length and temperature on the crawling speed of Protophormia terraenovae larvae Robineau-Desvoidy Diptera Calliphoridae.

Journal of Insect Physiology 54 3 : Davies, L. Development rates of some pre-adult stages in blowflies with reference to low temperatures. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 8: Day, D. Width as an alternative measurement to length for post-mortem interval estimation using Calliphora augur Diptera: Calliphoridae larvae.

Forensic Science International Donovan, S. Larval growth rate of the blowfly, Calliphora vicina over a range of temperature. Medical and Veterinary Entomology Grassberger, M. Effect of temperature on Lucillia sericata Diptera: Calliphoridae development with special reference to the isomegalen and isomorphen-diagram.

Gill, N. Rural Studies 21 1 : Greenberg, B. Forensic Entomology: Case studies. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 31 4 : Hall, D. The blowflies of North America. The Thomas Say Foundation, Lafayette. Ireland, S.

The effect of larval crowding and food type on the size and development of the blowfly, Calliphora vomitoria. Jason, H. Effect of temperature on Chrysomya rufifacies Diptera: Calliphoridae development. Journal of Medical Entomology 34 3 : Keh, B.

Scope and application of forensic entomology. Annual Review of Entomology Kurahashi, H. The Raffles Buletin of Zoology 5: Marinho, C. Brazilian Journal of Biology 66 1A : Miller, D. Determining the effects of change in temperature upon the locomotor movements of fly larvae. Journal of Experimental Zoology Niederegger, S.

Preliminary studies of the influence of fluctuating temperatures on the development of various forensically relevant flies. Forensic Science International : Nor Affandy, H. Tropical Biomedicine 20 1 : Omar, B. Maggaots of Synthesiomya nudiseta Wulp Diptera: Muscidae as a decomposers of corpses found indoors in Malaysia.

Tropical Biomedicine 11 2 :

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Patologi forensik Inggris : forensic berasal dari bahasa Latin , forum , adalah cabang patologi berkaitan dengan penentuan penyebab kematian berdasarkan pemeriksaan atas mayat autopsi. Autopsi mayat dilakukan oleh patolog atas permintaan pejabat berwenang dalam kerangka investigasi terhadap kasus kejahatan atau kasus perdata pada beberapa wilayah hukum. Melalui patolog forensik identitas mayat umumnya dapat dikonfirmasikan. Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas.

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Patologi forensik

Scuttle flies Diptera: Phoridae are small-sized insects of forensic importance. They are well known for diversified species and habitats, but in the context of forensic entomology, scuttle flies' inhabitance of corpses remains inadequately explored. With recent reports indicating the existence of more scuttle fly species possibly inhabiting these environments, a decomposition study using animal carcasses in enclosed environments was conducted. The aim was to record the occurrence of scuttle flies on rabbit carcasses placed in sealed plastic waste bins for a day period. The study was conducted as two replicates in Bangi, Selangor. Sampling was carried out at different time intervals inside a modified mosquito net as a trap. The fly larvae and pupae were reared until their adult stage to facilitate identification.

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Decomposition stage of carrion will attract various species of insects to come. Some species of insect will attract on carrion in the early stage of decomposition, but some of them in the late stage of death. The purpose of this research were to observe and analyze the distinctive features of insect succession on carrion that could predict the time of death. Two carrions were placed in indoor and outdoor. Insect collection and observation was done three times a day i. Adult flying insects were collected by sweeping net, whereareas immature insect with manual.

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