ERFURTER PROGRAMM 1891 PDF

The programme declared the imminent death of capitalism and the necessity of socialist ownership of the means of production. The Party intended to pursue these goals through legal political participation rather than by revolutionary activity. Kautsky argued that because capitalism, by its very nature, must collapse, the immediate task for socialists was to work for the improvement of workers' lives rather than for the revolution , which was inevitable. The draft programme was criticised by Friedrich Engels for its opportunist, non-Marxist views on the state in a criticism he sent to Kautsky on 29 June The simplified Marxism exemplified by The Class Struggle is sometimes referred to as ' vulgar Marxism ' or the 'Marxism of the Second International ' [ who?

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Kenneth R. Calkins, Friedhelm Boll. Frieden ohne Revolution? Friedensstrategien der deutschen Sozialdemokratie vom Erfurter Programm bis zur Revolution Bonn: Verlag Neue Gesellschaft.

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Erfurt Program

Kenneth R. Calkins, Friedhelm Boll. Frieden ohne Revolution? Friedensstrategien der deutschen Sozialdemokratie vom Erfurter Programm bis zur Revolution Bonn: Verlag Neue Gesellschaft.

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The Class Struggle (Erfurt Program)

Berlin, , pp. Although the following reform program, enacted at an Erfurt assembly in , continues to call for revolution, it also provides evidence of a new practical orientation within the Socialist Party — one that encouraged its members to work through existing political institutions. The resignation of Bismarck a year earlier and the expiration of the Anti-Socialist Law had ended a state-sanctioned policy of persecution against the party. The economic development of bourgeois society invariably leads to the ruin of small business, which is based on the private ownership by the worker of his means of production. It separates the worker from his means of production and turns him into a propertyless proletarian, while the means of production become the monopoly of a relatively small number of capitalists and large landowners. Hand in hand with this monopolization of the means of production goes the displacement of these fractured small businesses by colossal large enterprises, the development of the tool into a machine, the gigantic growth in the productivity of human labor. But all the benefits of this transformation are monopolized by the capitalists and large landowners.

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The Erfurt Program

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