This incident proves that the prohibition was abrogated since the Hadith in which the Prophet S. Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Binnawri d. He belonged to the Banu Sulaym tribe, hence he was called Sulami. His native town Bugh is a few miles from Tirmidhi and is considered a suburb of Tirmidh.
|Published (Last):||5 April 2011|
|PDF File Size:||1.30 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.24 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Imam Tirmidhi was born in the year A. The Abbasid Caliphate, despite its brilliant contributions to Islam, brought along with it many thorny problems. Greek Philosophy had a free flow into the Islamic world. This was fully sanctioned by the government until eventually it declared the Mu'tazila school of thought as the state religion. Anyone who opposed the Mu'tazila school of thought would be opposing the state. With the influence of Greek philosophy infiltrating within the people, many Muslims began attempting to reconcile between reason and revelation.
As a result they deviated themselves and misled many innocent weak Muslims away from Allah and His Prophet s. Forgeries and interpolations in Hadith by rulers who wished to fulfil their personal motives was common.
Eventually this gigantic task was undertaken by six towering scholars of Islam. Having grown up in an environment of learning, together with possessing many great qualities naturally drove Imam Tirmidhi to dedicate his life totally towards the field of Hadith. He obtained his basic knowledge at home and later travelled to far off lands in search of this great science. In some narrations Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim are his students as well.
Once Imam Bukhari mentioned to him "I have benefited more from you than you have benefitted from me. Imam Tirmidhi said that he compiled this book and presented it to the learned of Hijaz, Iraq and Khurasan and they were pleased with it.
Who ever has this book in his home, it is as though he has the Prophet s speaking to him there. Imam Tirmidhi had an exceptionally remarkable memory. If he heard something once he never forgot it. Once on his way to Makkah, Imam Tirmidhi met a scholar of hadith muhaddith from whom he had previously copied two chapters of hadith. Thinking that he had the notes with him he asked the scholar if he would allow him to read out these two chapters so that he could correct any errors.
After realizing that he did not have those notes with him he took a blank piece of paper and read out the entire two parts from memory. When the muhaddith realized what he was doing he rebuked Imam Tirmidhi saying: "Have you no shame, why are you wasting my time. The scholar was not convinced, even though Imam Tirmidhi had recited all the hadith from memory. Imam Tirmidhi requested him to recite to him some other hadith. The scholar recited forty ahadith which Imam Tirmidhi thenrepeated without making a single error, thus showing his remarkable power of committing hadith to memory.
He writes:. Imam Tirmidhi had lost his sight towards the latter portion of his life. Once whilst on a journey, at a certain point he bowed his head. When asked as to why he did this, he replied: "Is there not a tree here whose branches hang over in such a manner that it harms those who are passing by. He was quite shocked when he heard this as he distinctly remembered there being a tree and was worried as to whether his memory was failing him or not. He stopped the caravan immediately and asked his companions to enquire from the locals whether a tree had existed there or not.
Imam Tirmidhi had a large number of students from all over the world. He would cry so much out of the fear of Allah, that towards the end of his life he lost his sight. In the year A.
May Allah swt fill his grave with light. The enormity of his sacrifices and the extent to which he served the religion can never be fully comprehended. Dawud Tayalisi and Ahmed ibn Hanbal had compiled books consisting of both authentic and weak hadith. Later Imam Bukhari compiled his Sahih and omitted all weak narrations from it. Later Imam Muslim compiled his book with a primary focus on the isnad different chain of narrators.
Imam Nasa'i's aim was to mention the discrepancies of the hadith whilst Abu Dawud prepared a book which became the basis for the fuqaha. Imam Tirmidhi had combined the styles of Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud and Nasa'i by mentioning the discrepancies regarding the narrators and also making his compilation a basis for the jurists.
Imam Tirmidhi omits the major portion of the hadith and only mentions that part which is relevant to the heading. After mentioning a hadith he classifies it narration whether it is authentic or weak, etc. He specifies the narrators names, e. One hadith in Tirmidhi is a thulaathiyaat i. His book has been set out in an excellent sequence, hence to look for a hadith is very easy. According to the commentators of Al-Jami Imam Tirmidhi maintained the following conditions throughout the compilation of his book.
He never narrated hadith from those who fabricated hadith. Imam Tirmidhi accepts a hadith which is narrated with the word "a'n" provided both the narrators are contemporaries.
After mentioning a weak hadith, he explains the state of its weakness. A mursal hadith is accepted by Imam Tirmidhi when it is supported by a chain of narrators which is not broken. According to the most preferred opinion, Bukhari enjoys the highest status, followed by Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nasai, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah respectively. Haji Khalifa in al-Kashf al-Dhunoon has categorised Tirmidhi in third position. Al-Dhahabi has written that Tirmidhi in actual fact should be holding the third position, but due to him bringing weak narrators like Kalbi and Masloob its status has dropped.
However, looking at the manner in which he set out his book it seems that Haji Khalifa's opinion is best. Written by Sheikh Abdur Rahmaan Mubaarakpuri in 10 volumes. He is very critical against the Ahnaaf. The classification of hadith was firmly established by Ali ibn Madini r and later by his student Imam Bukhari r. However Imam Tirmidhi was the first Imam to base his book on these classifications.
Imam Tirmidhi classifies most of the Ahadith and mentions its reliability. Altogether Imam Tirmidhi uses nine different terms. Imam Tirmidhi does not consider it a prerequisite that a sahih Hadith must have several chains of narrators. While sahih indicates to the excellent retention power of a narrator, hasan indicates to a deficiency in this regard hence it seems that both are opposites and is not possible to reconcile.
The mutaqaddimeen have given many explanations to this :. Rather they belong to the same category. However hasan will be considered as inferior to sahih hence they both can be combined. This opinion has been given most preference by the Muhadditheen.
By the third century A. Imam Tirmidhi was one of those scholars who contributed greatly towards this field of hadith. In this modern age the world at large is deeply indebted to Imam Tirmidhi for his compilation of hadith. May Allah swt make it possible for all of us to benefit tremendously from this priceless collection of hadith.
His collection is unanimously considered to be one of the six famous collections of hadith al-Kutub al-Sittah , and contains roughly hadiths with repetitions in 46 chapters. It is a small city located in the Southern part of current day Uzbekistan, close to the Amu Darya river Oxus near the border of Afghanistan. Answer: The prohibition was abrogated and only applicable in the beginning of Islam, in order to safeguard correct Aqida. He was born in the year A.
Biography Of Imam Tirmidhi
During his lifetime 9 Muslim Khalifas ruled with some being pious and noble while some committing evil and innovations. Imam At-Tirmazi traveled a lot in quest for seeking knowledge which gave him the expertise needed to become a Faqih and muhadith of his time. He was one of the outstanding students of Imam Bukhari and also studied under Imam Muslim. Imam Tirmidhi learned extensively from Imam Malik and became known as one of his staff due to his dedication in his learning the knowledge of ahadith. Many of the scholars of past have highly praised Imam At-Tirmadhi.
He also wrote Shama'il Muhammadiyah popularly known as Shama'il at-Tirmidhi , a compilation of hadiths concerning the person and character of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. At-Tirmidhi was also well versed in Arabic grammar , favoring the school of Kufa over Basra due to the former's preservation of Arabic poetry as a primary source. His genealogy is uncertain; his nasab patronymic has variously been given as:. He was also known by the laqab "ad-Darir" "the Blind". It has been said that he was born blind, but the majority of scholars agree that he became blind later in his life. At-Tirmidhi began the study of hadith at the age of At the time, Khurasan, at-Tirmidhi's native land, was a major center of learning, being home to a large number of muhaddiths.