LAS IDEAS SOCIALISTAS EN COLOMBIA JORGE ELIECER GAITAN PDF

Template:More Sanitation needed. Though he lived under these circumstances, he was the son to parents with white-collar occupations. His father was a history teacher, sold second-hand books, and was a journalist. Her liberal and feminist tendencies ostracized her from many social environments, but she eventually taught at a school where her views were not persecuted. He did not want him to pursue higher education, which became a contentious topic that strained their father-son relationship.

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Template:More Sanitation needed. Though he lived under these circumstances, he was the son to parents with white-collar occupations. His father was a history teacher, sold second-hand books, and was a journalist.

Her liberal and feminist tendencies ostracized her from many social environments, but she eventually taught at a school where her views were not persecuted. He did not want him to pursue higher education, which became a contentious topic that strained their father-son relationship. His disdain towards conventional authority began during his time at school.

He was unreceptive towards strict discipline and traditional curricula. He provided the medium for students to receive a liberal education in a country dominantly conservative at the time. He was advocating for teaching the disadvantaged populace subjects outside of traditional curricula, including topics such as hygiene.

These classes were to be held at a Sunday school and provided a medium to further provide education to a wider range of people. With a group of fellow students, he founded the University Center of Cultural Propaganda in May Moreover, he extended the Center's work to rural workers, public school children, and education for prisoners.

After U. Secretary of State, [12] the government of the United States of America threatened to invade with the U. Marine Corps if the Colombian government did not act to protect United Fruit's interests. Strikers were fired upon by the army [13] on the orders of the United Fruit Company , resulting in numerous deaths. In particular, he repeatedly divided the country into the oligarchy and the people , calling the former corrupt and the latter admirable, worthy, and deserving of Colombia's moral restoration.

He stirred the audience's emotions by aggressively denouncing social, moral and economical evils stemming both from the Liberal and Conservative political parties, promising his supporters that a better future was possible if they all worked together against such evils. Accordingly, the "political country" was controlled by the interests of the oligarchy and its internal struggles, therefore it did not properly respond to the real demands of the "national country"; that is, the country made up of citizens in need of better socioeconomic conditions and greater sociopolitical freedom.

He was criticized by the more orthodox sectors of the Colombian Liberal Party who considered him too unruly , most of the Colombian Conservative Party , the leadership of the Colombian Communist Party who saw him as a competitor for the political affections of the masses.

Ambassador Beaulac on March 24, that Communists were planning a disruption of the impending conference and that his Liberal Party would likely be blamed. The subject of future land reform was also prominent in some of his speeches. The reforms were designed to broaden the reach of state governance by incentivizing political participation among actors such as farmers, peasants, and middle and lower-class citizens. This would have been done by forming development agencies.

This was under the fundamental belief that economic democracy was non-existent in Colombian society. This was to be achieved through national protection of Colombian industries, progressive tax reforms intended to efficiently distribute wealth, financial support for agricultural development, and nationalization of public services.

In addition to these reforms, the platform extended proposals to specializing education for wider-accessibility, redistributing land, enhancing labor protest laws, and heightening the legal codes of the judiciary. The foreign policy outlooks of the platform intended to inaugurate a conference to create an economic union among different nation-states in Latin America. One of the major focus areas was the Colombian Central Bank.

The plan strived to expand the Central Bank's capabilities of regulating the financial market. This meant the bank needed more powerful mechanisms of controlling the private sector such as implementing a Directing council. The reforms also included the ability to grant credit, as well as act as a reserve.

The Institute of Credit was proposed to afford loans to industrial and agricultural firms. His ambitions to fortify democracy and the economy of Colombia through what was seen as anti-imperialist and anti-plutocratic.

During his administration, he tried to implement a number of programs in areas such as education, health, urban development and housing. His attempted reforms were cut short by political pressure groups and conflicts due to some of his policies for example, an attempt to provide uniforms to taxi and bus service drivers. At the conclusion of the Liberal Party's national convention in he was proclaimed as "the people's candidate" in a public square, an unusual setting under the political customs at the time.

This would have allowed for the Liberal Party to present a single candidate for the elections. He had a history of job instability and considered that he could get a position worthy of his status as a reincarnation of Santander and Quesada. The revolver was purchased two days before the assassination and the ammunition the day before. Secretary of State George Marshall , a meeting which led to a pledge by members to fight communism in the Americas , as well as the creation of the Organization of American States.

Some writers say that this event influenced Castro's views about the viability of an electoral route for political change. In his book, he describes a well-dressed man who eggs on the mob before fleeing in a luxurious car that arrived just as the presumed assassin was being dragged away.

Subsequently, the bipartisan violence would spread to other regions during the period known as La Violencia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable.

Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Retrieved 15 February El Tiempo. Retrieved 28 October New York: Charles Scribner's Sons Enrique, Santos Molano.

Retrieved El Tiempo in Spanish. University of Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on 17 July Accessed January 28, Archived from the original on Retrieved 15 February — via YouTube. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

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Jorge Eliécer Gaitán

Some are convinced that he was a careful man with a profound sense of equanimity who would have brought peace to Colombia. Others describe him as an inveterate rabble-rouser who would have turned La Violencia bloodier still had he lived. The scholar Richard Sharpless sees him as a left-leaning socialist, while others describe him as a rather conservative man of lower-middle-class values. His father sold books and his mother was a well-known schoolteacher. At the time of his death, many leaders of the party, and many Conservatives as well, felt a sense of relief, for they could never quite be certain of his allegiance, or how they might manage to control him and his many followers, whom he had formed into disciplined urban crowds that seemingly did only his bidding. In he obtained his law degree from the Universidad Nacional with an unorthodox thesis titled Las ideas socialistas en Colombia.

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Las Ideas Socialistas En Colombia

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Gaitán, Jorge Eliécer (1898–1948)

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