Botanic, biology, chemical composition and pharmacological properties of Artemisia annua L. Investigadora Titular. Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba. Investigador Agregado.

Author:Dair Morg
Language:English (Spanish)
Published (Last):6 May 2007
PDF File Size:6.9 Mb
ePub File Size:4.99 Mb
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]

Botanic, biology, chemical composition and pharmacological properties of Artemisia annua L. Investigadora Titular. Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba. Investigador Agregado. Aim of present paper is to analyze the most important historical features related to this plant, a botanical description, origin and geographical distribution, environmental requirements, chemical composition, oil production and its pharmacological properties. RESULTS : studies performed showed that not only the artemisinine and its derivatives have a demonstrated pharmacological effectiveness, but also that it essential oil is of interest by its therapeutical use as antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory, as well as to be effective against asthma and cold.

There are evidences that the aerial parts of this plant have antibacterial, antiseptic, febrifugal properties, and seeds use in flatulences as carminative and digestive and the in vitro studies show that artemisinine content may to keel as well as the Protozoa causing of malaria other parasites and bacteria, supporting its traditional use for treatment of gastrointestinal parasites and infectious diarrhea. Key words : Artemisia annua , artemisinine, medicinal plants, bibliographic review, pharmacological actions, artemeter, artesunate.

Asimismo, manifiesta que sus resultados son muy alentadores en las formas cerebrales de P. En un experimento realizado en EE.

En cuanto a este aspecto, en experimentos realizados en EE. Al respecto se hicieron experimentos de campo en EE. Con posterioridad, en el otro estudio realizado en EE.

Teniendo en cuenta que el canfor tiene mayor demanda comercial, porque tiene muchos usos diferentes, el aceite rico en este componente pudiera ser utilizado como una fuente alternativa de este compuesto.

En el caso de A. De Artemisia annua L. Tang W, Eisenbrand G. Chinese drugs of plants origin. Chemistry, pharmacology and use in traditional and modern medicine. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; Artemisia annua as a Traditional Herbal Antimalarial. Traditional Medicinal Plants and Malaria. McVaugh R. Flora Novo-Galiciana: a descriptive account of the vascular plantsof Western Mexico.

En: Anderson WR, editor. Ann Arbor. University of Michigan Press; The Peoples Republic of China Pharmacopoeia. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press; Artemisia annua L. Pharm Weekbl. Progress in the research of artemisinin related antimalarials: an update. Pharm World Sci.

Schmid G, Hofheinz W. Synthesis of qinghaosu. J Am Chem Soc. Stereoselective synthesis of artemisinin. Tetrahedron Lett. Total synthesis of the antimarial sesquiterpene peroxidase qinghaosu and yingshaosu.

Acc Chem Res. Introduction of Artemisia annua in India and isolation of artemisinin a promising antimalarial drug. Indian J Pharm Sci. Evaluation of Artemisia annua strains for higher artemisinin production. Planta Med. Raharinaivo JN. Contribution au lancement de la culture du qinghaosu ou Artemisia annua L.

MCmoire de fin d'Etudes. Laughlin JC. Effect of agronomic practices on plant yield and antimalarial constituent of Artemisia annua. Acta Hort. Artemisinin, related sesquiterpenes and essential oil in Artemisia annua during one vegetation period in Vietnam. Magalhaes PM de. A experimentacao agricola com plantas medicinais e aromaticas. Atualidades Cientificas. Malaria vaccines: multiple targets.

McGregor IA. En: Cox FEG, editor. London: The Wellcome Trust; The chemistry, pharmacology and clinical application of qinghaosu artemisinin and its derivatives.

Med Res Rev. The Merck Index. New Jersey, E. Biologically active substances from the genus Artemisia. Rev Planta Med. Klayman DL. Weeding out malaria. Nat History. Kumate J. Xiao P. Modern Chinese Materia Medica. Artemisia annua : Botany, Horticulture, Pharmacology. Horticultural Reviews. Effect of density on the yields of artemisinin and essential oil in Artemisia annua cropped under low input cost management in North-Central India.

Genove, Suiza: World Health Organization; Artemisia annua : From weed to respectable antimalarial plant. Human Medicinal Agents from Plants. Magalhaes PM de, Delabays N. The selection of Artemisia annua L. Quedlinburg, Germany; New hybrid lines of antimalarial species Artemisia annua L. Cien Cult. New hybrid lines of the antimalarial species Artemisia annua L.

Acta Hortic. Cultivation of Artemisia annua L. En: Wright CW, editor. London: Taylor and Francis; Developmental studies of Artemisia annua : flowering and artemisinin production under greenhouse and field conditions. Relationship of artemisinin content of tissue-cultured, greenhouse-grown, and field-grown plants of Artemisia annua.

Seasonal accumulation of artemisinin in Artemisia annua L. Influences de la dose et du type d'azote sur la production en artemisinine de 1' Artemisia annua L. Revue Suisse de Viticulture, Arboriculture et Horticulture. La Habana: Editorial Academia; Agricultural production of artemisinin-A review. Srivastava NK, Sharma S. Influence of micronutrient imbalance on growth and artemisinin content in Artemisia annua.

Effect of different soil on the essential oil yield of Artemisia annua. J Med Aromatic Plant Sciences. Croteau R. Biochemistry of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes of the essential oils.


Artemisia ludoviciana

Wormwood is used primarily for liver, gall bladder and stomach ailments, as well as to expel intestinal worms, hence the common name. It may be used alone or in combination with other herbs. The plant contains bitter substances and is used as an appetite stimulant. This herb has been used to promote menstruation. Some of the compounds contained in various species of wormwood may be useful in the treatment of malaria German researchers have approved wormwood for stomach ailments, such as dyspepsia, loss of appetite and minor liver and gall bladder problems but its use in the treatment of intestinal parasites is now considered obsolete. This herb may hold promise for treatment for type 2 diabetes, since it has been shown to lower blood sugar levels in experimental animals. Nevertheless, this and any other herb purported to treat diabetes should only be used under professional guidance.


File:Ajenjo planta medicinal en México 029.jpg






Related Articles