Atheis literally Atheist , also known as Kafir is a Indonesian film directed by Sjumandjaja and adapted from Achdiat Karta Mihardja 's novel of the same name. It follows a young Muslim man named Hasan who, through his interactions with others, loses his faith. Shot on a budget of Rp. It was controversial upon release, at one point being refused by the country's censorship bureau. A box-office failure upon release, the film has since become one of Sjumandjaja's best known.
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The novel was published in and written by Achdiat Karta Mihardja, an Indonesian author of the 45 generation, a generation that was creative around and after the independence of the republic between Despite its controversy, Atheis has been studied not only in Indonesian schools and universities but also in the other regional countries, including Australia, Singapore and Malaysia.
Even in several Indonesian blogs, focusing on the Indonesian literary, many young people actively discuss the novel. He even still remembers its theme which focuses on the inner struggle of its main character Hasan, a pious Muslim whose faith was wobbly in facing global ideologies: atheism and Marxism. However, in the end of the novel, the author killed almost all the main characters.
His father, a bank clerk, had a collection of books which sparked his interest in literature. After graduating from AMS Dutch senior secondary school majoring in oriental literature, he studied autodidactly. He himself was a member of the Islamic mysticism order of Tareqat Naqshabandiyah when he was still a teenager. Achdiat used flashback narration in Atheis.
He also headed the Jakarta Cultural Division of the Department of Education and attended a number of international congresses as an Indonesian representative. During the revolutionary war, he was active as an informant in the guerilla war against the Dutch.
He moved his family from one to another place in West Java during the Dutch air bombardment. This moment was recorded by his first daughter Wenny Achdiat in her coming autobiography, Daughter of Independence , written with co-writer Aussie author Bryce Alclock and to be published at the end of In , Achdiat moved to Canberra to teach Indonesian language and literary as a senior lecturer at the Australian National University until his retirement.
The university invited him after his political party, the Indonesian Socialist Party PSI , was banned by President Sukarno for opposing his campaign of the union of nationalism, religion and communism Nasakom. Atheist and his involvement in the formation of Lekra in , the cultural wing of the banned Indonesian Communist Party PKI , led some to believe he was an atheist himself.
In , Atheis was adapted into a movie with the same title. The making of the film also sparked a controversy because the Soeharto regime at that time was so sensitive with communism. However, Achdiat himself was disappointed with its result. He also edited on the cultural polemics in s, Polemik Kebudayaan Pustaka Jaya, At least, the publication of Manifesto Khalifatullah , written at age 94, had fulfilled his wish to write a work during his 90s, as did Greek playwright Sopochles and Irish author George Bernard Shaw.
Alclock underlined that these three works illustrate his development as a thinker. I myself read Atheis when I was a student of junior secondary school in early s, and read the novel again as university student.
However, critics said that in a literary sense, Atheis is better and more beautiful than Manifesto. It could be understood because Achdiat wanted to speak on the role and core meaning of the existence of human being in the world.
In , Achdiat expressed his interest in writing his autobiography, but as quoted by Tempo magazine, he said that he was unable to complete this work. On July 8, , Aki Grandpa — as his family and close friends called him — passed away of complications in Canberra at the age of He was buried in the city on the same day. He is survived by his wife, Tati Suprapti Noor, and four children. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account.
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Atheis / Achdiat K. Mihardja.
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Achdiat K Mihardja
The novel was published in and written by Achdiat Karta Mihardja, an Indonesian author of the 45 generation, a generation that was creative around and after the independence of the republic between Despite its controversy, Atheis has been studied not only in Indonesian schools and universities but also in the other regional countries, including Australia, Singapore and Malaysia. Even in several Indonesian blogs, focusing on the Indonesian literary, many young people actively discuss the novel. He even still remembers its theme which focuses on the inner struggle of its main character Hasan, a pious Muslim whose faith was wobbly in facing global ideologies: atheism and Marxism.
The novel, using three narrative voices , details the rise and fall of Hasan, a young Muslim who is raised to be religious but winds up doubting his faith after dealings with his Marxist—Leninist childhood friend and an anarcho-nihilist writer. Mihardja, a journalist-cum-literary editor who associated with the eccentric poet Chairil Anwar and the Socialist Party of Indonesia , wrote Atheis from May to February The Indonesian used in the novel was influenced by Sundanese and harkens back to earlier works by Minang writers, as opposed to Mihardja's contemporaries who attempted to distance themselves from the earlier style. Dealing mainly with faith, the novel also touches on the interactions between modernity and traditionalism. Although the writer insisted that the work was meant to be realistic , symbolic representations from subjective meanings to the novel being an allegory have been advanced.