But her vision of women's fate might make some feminists uncomfortable. The manuscript dates from , the year before Castellanos died. She stepped out of a bathtub in Tel Aviv, where she was the Mexican Ambassador to Israel, touched a lamp switch and was electrocuted. Since it was never staged in her lifetime and thus subjected to revision, it should be considered unfinished.
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Please register, and you will get it every month. Especially in Latin America, gender roles were — and still are — split. The father is considered to be the breadwinner who earns money, while the mother is supposed to take care of the children and the home. As a result, men symbolise strength and women sensitivity.
Eventually, women themselves began to believe in stereotypes of this kind. A salesman tries to convince the owner of the salon to buy a new innovative machine. This artefact amuses customers by inducing dreams while it dries their hair. Lupita is the protagonist of the play. She is the Guinea pig with which the machine is tested. She wants to look beautiful for her wedding, which will take place in a few hours. Lupita experiences all kinds of unpleasant dreams. First, she marries and lives with her husband.
Next, she gets pregnant. Her mother advises her in every stage of pregnancy, telling her to follow the traditions she learned from her mother. The protagonist ends up being convinced of the correctness of these archaic thoughts. Eventually, she goes on to teach the same principles to her daughter, recommending her to drop out of school and dedicate her life to her husband, as Lupita did, because women live for their men. Years later, Lupita finds out that her husband is cheating on her and kills him.
Her deed makes her famous, and people all over the world admire her for being an unconventional woman. She is lonely in old age, however, apparently because of her rebellious attitude. The dreams scare Lupita, and she wakes up angry. As she still needs to dry her hair, she uses the machine once again.
This time she sees a theatre where several important women are acting. Each woman tells her story and explains why it is so important.
This dream ends when there is a power blackout. She has a wide collection to choose from. Every wig represents a stereotyped woman at her finest. As Lupita wears them, she gets transported to different situations.
The author believes in change, in real equality instead of sexism. She wants us to be aware of the injustice women have suffered for hundreds of years and invites us to make a difference. The only way to achieve change, however, is to abandon senseless traditions. Women and men are equal, so both deserve the same respect.
Franz Bertenbreiter Literature: Rosario Castellanos, El eterno femenino. University of Texas Press. English Deutsch. User menu Log in. Inhalt Briefings. Humanity urgently needs a transition to renewable energy. The coronavirus pandemic is affecting societies and economies around the globe.
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El eterno femenino
Castellanos was an essayist, a poet, and novelist and played an important role for the feminist movement in Mexico during her time. In her work, she presents a stereotyped image of the Mexican woman and her history. Using humour and irony, she creates a satire which plays with the myth of the eternal feminine and ridicule gender stereotypes. This literary analysis is based on a feminist perspective. By examining the work through its social and political context and putting it in dialogue with the feminist literary theories, the primary aim is to receive a better understanding of the importance of the work. Having in mind the historical context of the feminist movement of the s and s in Mexico and the modern feminist literary criticism which took off in the late s, the investigation focuses on the relation between the play and the situation of the Mexican women and their position in society as well as the aspects of the understanding of gender historically. The results show us how the woman is presented, in the traditional roles of the Mexican society, as the virgin, the married woman, the mother and the housewife in a humoristic way.
Please register, and you will get it every month. Especially in Latin America, gender roles were — and still are — split. The father is considered to be the breadwinner who earns money, while the mother is supposed to take care of the children and the home. As a result, men symbolise strength and women sensitivity. Eventually, women themselves began to believe in stereotypes of this kind.