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He worked in a variety of genres, including fantasy , science fiction , horror , and mystery fiction. Predominantly known for writing the iconic dystopian novel Fahrenheit , and his science-fiction and horror-story collections, The Martian Chronicles , The Illustrated Man , and I Sing the Body Electric , Bradbury was one of the most celebrated 20th- and 21st-century American writers.
Recipient of numerous awards, including a Pulitzer Citation , Bradbury also wrote and consulted on screenplays and television scripts, including Moby Dick and It Came from Outer Space. Many of his works were adapted to comic book, television, and film formats.
Upon his death in , The New York Times called Bradbury "the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream". Bradbury was related to the U. Shakespeare scholar Douglas Spaulding  and descended from Mary Bradbury , who was tried at one of the Salem witch trials in Bradbury was surrounded by an extended family during his early childhood and formative years in Waukegan.
An aunt read him short stories when he was a child. The Bradbury family lived in Tucson, Arizona , during — and — while their father pursued employment, each time returning to Waukegan. They eventually settled in Los Angeles in when Bradbury was 14 years old.
This meant that they could stay, and Bradbury, who was in love with Hollywood, was ecstatic. Bradbury attended Los Angeles High School and was active in the drama club. He often roller-skated through Hollywood in hopes of meeting celebrities.
Among the creative and talented people Bradbury met were special-effects pioneer Ray Harryhausen and radio star George Burns.
Bradbury's first pay as a writer, at age 14, was for a joke he sold to George Burns to use on the Burns and Allen radio show. Throughout his youth, Bradbury was an avid reader and writer  and knew at a young age that he was "going into one of the arts. In his youth, he spent much time in the Carnegie library in Waukegan , reading such authors as H.
At 12, Bradbury began writing traditional horror stories and said he tried to imitate Poe until he was about The Warlord of Mars impressed him so much that at the age of 12, he wrote his own sequel. He wrote about Tarzan and drew his own Sunday panels. He listened to the radio show Chandu the Magician , and every night when the show went off the air, he would sit and write the entire script from memory.
As a teen in Beverly Hills , he often visited his mentor and friend science-fiction writer Bob Olsen , sharing ideas and maintaining contact. In , at a secondhand bookstore in Hollywood , Bradbury discovered a handbill promoting meetings of the Los Angeles Science Fiction Society.
Bradbury cited H. Wells and Jules Verne as his primary science-fiction influences. Bradbury identified with Verne, saying, "He believes the human being is in a strange situation in a very strange world, and he believes that we can triumph by behaving morally". Bradbury recalled, "He was well known, and he wrote humanistic science fiction, which influenced me to dare to be human instead of mechanical.
Heinlein , Arthur C. Clarke , and the early writings of Theodore Sturgeon and A. There, Bradbury learned how to sneak in and watched previews almost every week. He rollerskated there, as well as all over town, as he put it, "hell-bent on getting autographs from glamorous stars. It was glorious. Sometimes, he spent all day in front of Paramount Pictures or Columbia Pictures and then skated to the Brown Derby to watch the stars who came and went for meals.
He recounted seeing Cary Grant , Marlene Dietrich , and Mae West , whom he learned made a regular appearance every Friday night, bodyguard in tow. Bradbury relates the following meeting with Sergei Bondarchuk , director of Soviet epic film series War and Peace , at a Hollywood award ceremony in Bondarchuk's honor:.
They formed a long queue and as Bondarchuk was walking along it he recognized several people: "Oh Mr. Ford, I like your film. I was standing at the very end of the queue and silently watched this. Bondarchuk shouted to me; "Ray Bradbury, is that you? All the famous Hollywood directors in the queue were bewildered. They stared at me and asked each other "Who is this Bradbury? Bradbury's first published story was " Hollerbochen's Dilemma ", which appeared in the January number of Forrest J.
Ackerman's fanzine Imagination! Bradbury was free to start a career in writing when, owing to his bad eyesight, he was rejected for admission into the military during World War II.
Having been inspired by science-fiction heroes such as Flash Gordon and Buck Rogers , Bradbury began to publish science-fiction stories in fanzines in Bradbury was invited by Forrest J. This was where he met the writers Robert A. In , Bradbury joined Laraine Day 's Wilshire Players Guild, where for two years, he wrote and acted in several plays.
They were, as Bradbury later described, "so incredibly bad" that he gave up playwriting for two decades. Reviewing Dark Carnival for the New York Herald Tribune , Will Cuppy proclaimed Bradbury "suitable for general consumption" and predicted that he would become a writer of the caliber of British fantasy author John Collier. After a rejection notice from the pulp Weird Tales , Bradbury submitted "Homecoming" to Mademoiselle , which was spotted by a young editorial assistant named Truman Capote.
Capote picked the Bradbury manuscript from a slush pile, which led to its publication. Homecoming won a place in the O. Henry Award Stories of In UCLA 's Powell Library , in a study room with typewriters for rent, Bradbury wrote his classic story of a book burning future, The Fireman , which was about 25, words long. A chance encounter in a Los Angeles bookstore with the British expatriate writer Christopher Isherwood gave Bradbury the opportunity to put The Martian Chronicles into the hands of a respected critic.
Isherwood's glowing review  followed. Bradbury attributed his lifelong habit of writing every day to two incidents. The first of these, occurring when he was three years old, was his mother's taking him to see Lon Chaney 's performance in The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Electrico, touched the young man on the nose with an electrified sword, made his hair stand on end, and shouted, "Live forever! I began to write, full-time. I have written every single day of my life since that day 69 years ago.
If he had not discovered writing, he would have become a magician. Bradbury claimed a wide variety of influences, and described discussions he might have with his favorite poets and writers Robert Frost , William Shakespeare , John Steinbeck , Aldous Huxley , and Thomas Wolfe.
From Steinbeck, he said he learned "how to write objectively and yet insert all of the insights without too much extra comment". He studied Eudora Welty for her "remarkable ability to give you atmosphere, character, and motion in a single line". Bradbury was once described as a " Midwest surrealist " and is often labeled a science-fiction writer, which he described as "the art of the possible. First of all, I don't write science fiction. I've only done one science fiction book and that's Fahrenheit , based on reality.
Science fiction is a depiction of the real. Fantasy is a depiction of the unreal. So Martian Chronicles is not science fiction, it's fantasy. It couldn't happen, you see? That's the reason it's going to be around a long time—because it's a Greek myth , and myths have staying power. Bradbury recounted when he came into his own as a writer, the afternoon he wrote a short story about his first encounter with death. When he was a boy, he met a young girl at the beach and she went out into the water and never came back.
Years later, as he wrote about it, tears flowed from him. He recognized he had taken the leap from emulating the many writers he admired to connecting with his voice as a writer.
When later asked about the lyrical power of his prose, Bradbury replied, "From reading so much poetry every day of my life. My favorite writers have been those who've said things well. In high school, Bradbury was active in both the poetry club and the drama club, continuing plans to become an actor, but becoming serious about his writing as his high school years progressed.
In regard to his education, Bradbury said:. Libraries raised me. I don't believe in colleges and universities. I believe in libraries because most students don't have any money. When I graduated from high school, it was during the Depression and we had no money.
I couldn't go to college, so I went to the library three days a week for 10 years. He told The Paris Review , "You can't learn to write in college. It's a very bad place for writers because the teachers always think they know more than you do — and they don't.
Bradbury described his inspiration as, "My stories run up and bite me in the leg—I respond by writing them down—everything that goes on during the bite. When I finish, the idea lets go and runs off". A reinvention of Waukegan, Green Town is a symbol of safety and home, which is often juxtaposed as a contrasting backdrop to tales of fantasy or menace.
It serves as the setting of his semiautobiographical classics Dandelion Wine , Something Wicked This Way Comes , and Farewell Summer , as well as in many of his short stories.
In Green Town, Bradbury's favorite uncle sprouts wings, traveling carnivals conceal supernatural powers, and his grandparents provide room and board to Charles Dickens. Bradbury wrote many short essays on the culture and the arts, attracting the attention of critics in this field, but he used his fiction to explore and criticize his culture and society. Bradbury observed, for example, that Fahrenheit touches on the alienation of people by media:.
In writing the short novel Fahrenheit I thought I was describing a world that might evolve in four or five decades. But only a few weeks ago, in Beverly Hills one night, a husband and wife passed me, walking their dog.
EL PEATON RAY BRADBURY PDF
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He worked in a variety of genres, including fantasy , science fiction , horror , and mystery fiction. Predominantly known for writing the iconic dystopian novel Fahrenheit , and his science-fiction and horror-story collections, The Martian Chronicles , The Illustrated Man , and I Sing the Body Electric , Bradbury was one of the most celebrated 20th- and 21st-century American writers. Recipient of numerous awards, including a Pulitzer Citation , Bradbury also wrote and consulted on screenplays and television scripts, including Moby Dick and It Came from Outer Space. Many of his works were adapted to comic book, television, and film formats. Upon his death in , The New York Times called Bradbury "the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream".