Am In der Industriegewerkschaft Medien - Druck und Papier, Publizistik und Kunst haben sich die Industriegewerkschaft Druck und Papier und die Gewerkschaft Kunst zu einer Kartellgewerkschaft vereint, insbesondere mit der Zielsetzung, die gemeinsame Mitgliedergewerkschaft IG Medien vorzubereiten und zu bilden. April in Hamburg. Die Gewerkschaften, aus denen sie hervorging, waren teilweise ganz am Anfang der Arbeiterbewegung aus der Taufe gehoben worden. Jahrhundert zu den ersten Berufsgruppen, die sich gewerkschaftlich organisierten. Es folgten die Buchbinder und Papierverarbeiter
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Here, we outline the main characteristics of industrial relations for civilian employees at the Allied Forces in Germany and report on the major results of the negotiations. Due to the end of the cold war and the resulting closure of bases and reduction of troops by the Allied Forces, civilian employment fell from , in to 75, in to 31, in Civilian employees typically work in jobs such as office staff, transport and storage staff, mechanics, security staff, firefighters, technicians, electricians, cleaners and caterers.
Members of the armed forces stationed on the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany in accordance with the NATO Troops Statute, together with the civilians connected with them, enjoy extraterritorial rights. The employers' function at the Allied Forces is carried out as follows. In general, the Allied States are the employers of the civilian employees. However, without having employer status, the German authorities: establish - in agreement with the troop authorities - the conditions of employment including wages, salaries and pay grades; conclude collective agreements; and arrange the remuneration procedures Article 56 V ZA.
Dispute of Rights regarding the employment relationship and the social security relationship are decided by the German system of labour courts. Civilians employed by the Allied Forces are not covered by the provisions of the works constitution legislation; the regulations on staff representation in the public sector apply to them Article 56 IX ZA , but until they had virtually no co-determination rights.
The competencies for interpreting, and making legal amendments to, Article 56 ZA lie with the Foreign Ministry. However, collective bargaining policies are determined by the Allied Forces, and, in general, are not oriented towards the German public sector. The paybill DEM 2. There is one collective agreement which covers all employees. It provides for framework regulations, pay grades, and remuneration.
Due to the end of the cold war, the Allied Forces are closing bases and reducing troop numbers in Germany. The background to the collective bargaining process and the later dispute was the plans of the Allied Forces to restructure their operations in Germany.
Measures include rationalisation, privatisation and outsourcing. The unions opposed these plans for the potential job losses which they suspected were entailed. Instead, the unions demanded a collective agreement on "protection against rationalisation" for the civilian employees employed at the Allied Forces since This agreement should provide for a "socially adequate" framework governing the employers' plans on rationalisation and privatisation.
After positive union ballots at the end of February, unlimited strikes started on 3 March The strikes, involving on average roughly 2, employees, lasted 23 days until 26 March After the first bargaining round proved unsuccessful, talks were adjourned until 23 April Strikes continued from 22 April until 25 April. After two days of negotiations, a collective agreement on the protection of employees at the Allied Forces in the event of rationalisation, and on additional payments in case of dismissal due to the withdrawal of troops Schutztarifvertrag , was agreed on 25 April It covers around 30, workers and employees at the Allied Forces in Germany and includes the following:.
In a ballot, the agreement was accepted by the members of the negotiating trade unions. Now, collectively-agreed regulations regarding redundancy and the protection of jobs for the Allied Forces' civilian employees include the following three sources:. At first glance, the collective agreement on protection against rationalisation at the Allied Forces looks like an ordinary agreement covering some 30, or so employees. However, when going more into detail, the picture changes significantly and offers interesting insights into the complexity of industrial and employment relations in niches of the German model of industrial relations which are less exposed to the public.
The most interesting features of industrial relations at the Allied Forces are the unique combination of rules governing the employment relationship, the complex attribution of the performance of the employer's functions to different actors and the multi-union bargaining unit.
Stefan Zagelmeyer, IW. Skip to main content. You are here Home Article Protection against rationalisation agreed for Allied Forces' civilian employees. Protection against rationalisation agreed for Allied Forces' civilian employees.
Topic: Labour and social regulation. Published on: 27 Meitheamh English en. Collective bargaining at the Allied Forces The competencies for interpreting, and making legal amendments to, Article 56 ZA lie with the Foreign Ministry. The dispute and the collective agreement Due to the end of the cold war, the Allied Forces are closing bases and reducing troop numbers in Germany. It covers around 30, workers and employees at the Allied Forces in Germany and includes the following: improved entitlements to, and an increase in, interim payments; a stronger obligation on the employer regarding the entitlement to housing of employees in case of job loss; an extension of the duration of additional income security payments in case of transfer.
If a transfer is not possible, there will be redundancy with compensation for job loss; paid leave for training in case of rationalisation and privatisation; and continuation of the regulations regarding protection against dismissal for employees of many years' standing. According to the collective agreement on social security of employees at the Allied Forces Tarifvertrag Soziale Sicherung , the Federal Government provides financial grants for older employees to protect their standard of living.
The new collective agreement on protection against rationalisation Schutztarifvertrag. Commentary At first glance, the collective agreement on protection against rationalisation at the Allied Forces looks like an ordinary agreement covering some 30, or so employees. Tell us what you think. Hide comments. Leave this field blank.
Mindestlohn in der Fleischwirtschaft
Protection against rationalisation agreed for Allied Forces' civilian employees