Introduction: The surgerys of the endolymphatic shunt are employed in the treatment of the vertigo of Meniere disease disabling, remains a controversial topic. Portmann in , was the first to perform the surgery, incising the endolymphatic sac aimming the decrease of the endolymphatic pressure of the inner ear. Planned to create a fistula that connects the endo and perilymphatic space, the sacculotomy were described by Fick in , by Cody in e by Schuknecht cochleosacculotomy in , however they were gradually abandoned because of the high incidence of hearing loss. Objective: Make a review of literature about the main surgical techniques of endolymphatic shunt, used in the treatment of Meniere disease, its results and the advance in the understanding of these procedures. Methods: Based on the literature data, the main surgical techniques of endolymphatic shunt are discussed and its rationality in the treatment of Meniere's disabling disease. Conclusion: There are a lot of controversy over the effectiveness of surgical procedures of endolymphatic shunt for the treatment of Meniere's disabling disease, and a lot of them damage the inner ear.
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Palavras-chave: enxaqueca, sistema vestibulococlear, vertigem. Um estudo desenvolvido por Lipton et al. Outro estudo feito por Furman et al. Um estudo publicado por Reploeg et al.
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