FERPA was enacted to ensure that parents and students age 18 and older can access those records, request changes to them, and control the disclosure of information, except in specific and limited cases where FERPA allows for disclosure without consent. The law applies to schools, school districts, and any other institution that receives funding from the US Department of Education — that is, virtually all public K—12 schools and school districts, as well as most post-secondary institutions, both public and private. Security is central to compliance with FERPA, which requires the protection of student information from unauthorized disclosures. Educational institutions that use cloud computing need contractual reassurances that a technology vendor manages sensitive student data appropriately. However, Microsoft has made the following contractual commitments that attest to its compliance:. As a result of these contractual commitments, customers that are subject to FERPA — both educational institutions and third parties to whom they give access to sensitive student data — can confidently use in-scope Microsoft business cloud services to process, store, and transmit that data.
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Department of Education. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U. FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level.
Students to whom the rights have transferred are "eligible students. Parents or eligible students have the right to inspect and review the student's education records maintained by the school. Schools are not required to provide copies of records unless, for reasons such as great distance, it is impossible for parents or eligible students to review the records.
Schools may charge a fee for copies. Parents or eligible students have the right to request that a school correct records which they believe to be inaccurate or misleading. If the school decides not to amend the record, the parent or eligible student then has the right to a formal hearing. After the hearing, if the school still decides not to amend the record, the parent or eligible student has the right to place a statement with the record setting forth his or her view about the contested information.
Generally, schools must have written permission from the parent or eligible student in order to release any information from a student's education record. Schools may disclose, without consent, "directory" information such as a student's name, address, telephone number, date and place of birth, honors and awards, and dates of attendance.
However, schools must tell parents and eligible students about directory information and allow parents and eligible students a reasonable amount of time to request that the school not disclose directory information about them. The actual means of notification special letter, inclusion in a PTA bulletin, student handbook, or newspaper article is left to the discretion of each school. Family Policy Compliance Office U. Search for:. Toggle navigation U.
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Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)