Parashor Barma is a fictional detective character made by Bengali writer Premendra Mitra. Although Parashor is a detective, his passion is poetry. Parashor never identifies himself as an investigator. The narrator of Parashor stories, Krittibas Bhadra, the editor of a magazine, is the friend of Parashor. According to Krittibas, Parashar is moody, jovial, little eccentric and a horrible poet, but a true genius. Although his actions seem capricious and pointless to the reader and even to Krittibas who often feels disgusted with his genius friend's caprices at the beginning, he comes up with an unexpected solution at the end of each mystery.
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He was also a practitioner of Bengali science fiction. His critique of humanity led him to believe that for it to survive, human beings had to "forget their differences and be united".
Premendra Mitra was born in Varanasi , India where his father Gyanendranath Mitra was an employee of the Indian Railways and because of that he had the opportunity to travel to many places in India. Having lost his mother, who died during his childhood, he was brought up by his grandparents in Uttar Pradesh and spent his later life in Calcutta now Kolkata and Dhaka. Because it did not hold his interest, he returned to education first on an undergraduate course in Dhaka and in at Asutosh College in Calcutta where he assisted the research of Dinesh Chandra Sen.
During his initial years, he unsuccessfully aspired to be a physician and studied the natural sciences. Later he started out as a school teacher. He even tried to make a career for himself as a businessman, but he was unsuccessful in that venture as well. At a time, he was working in the marketing division of a medicine-producing company.
After trying out other occupations, in which he met marginal or moderate success, he rediscovered his talents for creativity in writing and eventually became a Bengali author and poet. He spent almost his entire life in a house at Kalighat , Calcutta. There, he wrote 2 stories and sent them to the popular Bengali journal Prabasi meaning: The Exile.
His first published work was Shudhu Keranee in Prabasi in March In the following issue, another story, Goponcharini , was published. His poems were better known for their sharpness and wit. They also expressed empathy for the sufferings of the proletariat.
Five years earlier, in , when Rabindranath Tagore wrote Punoshcho , the first universally accepted Bengali prose-poetry book, Mitra wrote some poetries in the magazines, Bijli , Kali Kalam , etc.
Buddhadeb Bosu thus wrote:. His short stories were well-structured and innovative, and encompassed the diverse to the divergent in urban Indian society. The themes of poverty, degradation , caste , the intermittent conflict between religion and rationality and themes of the rural-urban divide are a thematically occurring refrain in much of his work. He experimented with the stylistic nuances of Bengali prose and tried to offer alternative linguistic parameters to the high-class elite prose of the Bengali language.
It was basically an effort to make the Bengali literature free from softness, excessive romance and use of an old style of writing which were prevalent in contemporary writings. Nana Range Bona is not only a short story collection, but it is the only known autobiography of Premendra Mitra. He also wrote in Mouchak , a magazine run by Sudhir Chandra Sarkar. He was connected to the Akashbani at first as a producer; later he performed other duties. He also wrote brilliant and innovative science fictions and thrillers.
Those are based on firm scientific temperaments and facts. Although these are more popular among Bengali-speaking school children and teenagers, they are popular among an older generation of literary aficionados as well.
His adventures cover themes ranging from crime, human ingenuity, science, history, geography, metaphysics and philosophy. It is obvious that while Ghanada himself has not been involved in any of the adventures he claims to have taken part in, he is certainly a learned man with an exceptional gift for storytelling. The stories are notably accurate from a scientific point of view.
Ghanada may be seen as Mitra's parody or caricature of the Bengali urban middle class celibate intellectual, who is at home in the world of books and knowledge, but has little practical experience whatsoever.
Like Satyajit Ray 's Feluda , the older Ghanada although not abhorring the opposite sex, is not entirely at ease with them either. He stays at an all-male hostel and maintains an almost frugal existence. Ghanada is a self-educated person and his education is mostly due to time spent at the local libraries.
In a way, it could be argued that these stories also reflect larger patterns of social transformations. Another masterpiece of his creation was the character of Mejokorta meaning: 'the next brother of the eldest son of a family' in Bengali. Mejokarta was a famous " Bhoot Shikari " meaning: Ghost-hunter in Bengali. The series of Mejokarta, although not as long as that of Ghanada, has left its prominent mark in the genre of ghost stories in Bengali. Mitra's literary works were included in the curriculum at school level, secondary, higher secondary and graduation levels of Bengali literature in West Bengal and Bangladesh.
He was among the pioneers of Bengali science fiction. He started writing Science fictions to make children and preteens familiar with science. He claims himself to be full of thrilling experience all over the globe and, even in Mars!
Mamababu lived in Burma on account of his service. Original name of this middle-aged man is never stated. His expeditions are written in many novels and short-stories, such as:. This character inspired Sunil Gangopadhyay to write his famous Kakababu series.
Parashor Barma is a detective but he tries to be a poet. Some other stories are:. Like Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay 's Baroda , Mejokorta is also famous for his ghost stories. There are 11 stories of Mejokorta in total. Two are uncollected. Mejo Korta the Ghost Hunter and All stories are claimed by the narrator to be found in a very old hand-written manuscript, which the narrator found inside a running bus.
He was also awarded the Padmashree and the Mouchak Puraskar. Ananda has published the complete collection of Ghanada , in 3 volumes: Ghanada Samagra 1 , Ghanada Samagra 2 , Ghanada Samagra 3 and the complete collection of Parashor Barma in a single volume: Parashor Samagra. Leela Majumdar translated several Ghanada tales in a volume called Adventures of Ghanada.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Premendra Mitra. See also: Characters. Main article: Ghanada. Sibaji Bandyopadhyay Reader.
Worldview Publications. Retrieved 25 June Sahitya Akademi. III, Iss. Scottish Church College, April , p. Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 11 July Adyopanta Parashar Bengali.
These non-human sentient beings are identified by the colour of their skin or in some occurrences, body hairs — which is green. The colour is one of the prominent aspects of dissimilarity with humans on earth. However, with the emergence of science fiction in the west, the term began to be used to describe a race of extraterrestrials. Often the stories presented an uncoordinated striking similarity between themselves. And, of course, the aliens retained the same skin colour: green. The stories became so popular and widespread that Variety magazine novelised them in Behind the Flying Saucers Frank Scully, The waves of this phenomena also reached Bengal — or, more precisely, science fiction writer Adrish Bardan.
He was also a practitioner of Bengali science fiction. His critique of humanity led him to believe that for it to survive, human beings had to "forget their differences and be united". Premendra Mitra was born in Varanasi , India where his father Gyanendranath Mitra was an employee of the Indian Railways and because of that he had the opportunity to travel to many places in India. Having lost his mother, who died during his childhood, he was brought up by his grandparents in Uttar Pradesh and spent his later life in Calcutta now Kolkata and Dhaka. Because it did not hold his interest, he returned to education first on an undergraduate course in Dhaka and in at Asutosh College in Calcutta where he assisted the research of Dinesh Chandra Sen. During his initial years, he unsuccessfully aspired to be a physician and studied the natural sciences. Later he started out as a school teacher.