TAREEKH E FARISHTA PDF

He was born in and died in While Firishta was still a child, his father was summoned away from his native country into Ahmednagar , India , to teach Persian to the young prince Miran Husain Nizam Shah, with whom Firishta studied. In Firishta was serving as the captain of guards of King Murtuza Nizam Shah when Prince Miran overthrew his father and claimed the throne of Ahmednagar. Having been in military positions until then, Firishta was not immediately successful in Bijapur. Further exacerbating matters was the fact that Firishta was of Shia origin and therefore did not have much chance of attaining a high position in the dominantly Sunni courts of the Deccan sultanates. The work was variously known as the Tarikh-i Firishta and the Gulshan-i Ibrahimi.

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He was born in and died in While Firishta was still a child, his father was summoned away from his native country into Ahmednagar , India , to teach Persian to the young prince Miran Husain Nizam Shah, with whom Firishta studied. In Firishta was serving as the captain of guards of King Murtuza Nizam Shah when Prince Miran overthrew his father and claimed the throne of Ahmednagar.

Having been in military positions until then, Firishta was not immediately successful in Bijapur. Further exacerbating matters was the fact that Firishta was of Shia origin and therefore did not have much chance of attaining a high position in the dominantly Sunni courts of the Deccan sultanates.

The work was variously known as the Tarikh-i Firishta and the Gulshan-i Ibrahimi. In the introduction, a resume of the history of Hindustan prior to the times of the Muslim conquest is given, and also the victorious progress of Arabs through the East.

The first ten books are each occupied with a history of the kings of one of the provinces; the eleventh book gives an account of the Muslims of Malabar ; the twelfth a history of the Muslim saints of India; and the conclusion treats of the geography and climate of India. It also includes graphic descriptions of the persecution of Hindus during the reign of Sikandar Butshikan in Kashmir. Tarikh-i Firishta consists primarily of the following books: [2] [ full citation needed ].

Contemporary scholars and historians variously write that the works of Firishta drew from Tabaqat-i-Akbari by Nizamud-din, [3] Tarikh-i-Rashidi by Mirza Haider [3] [ full citation needed ] and Barani's Tarikh.

According to the scholar T. Devare , Firishta's account is the most widely quoted history of the Adil Shahi , but it is the only source for a fabricated story asserting the Ottoman origin of Yusuf Adil Shah , the founder of the Adil Shahi dynasty Devare 67 fn2, It seems, however, that it was supplemented by the author himself as it records events up to AH CE " Devare On the other hand, Tarikh-i-Farishti is said to be independent and reliable on the topic of north Indian politics of the period, ostensibly that of Emperor Jehangir where Firishta's accounts are held credible because of his affiliation with the south Indian kingdom of Bijapur.

Despite his fabricated story of Yusuf's Ottoman origin, Firishta's account continues to be a very popular story and has found wide acceptance in Bijapur today. In , when the East India Company officer and Orientalist Alexander Dow translated Firishta's text into English language, it came to be seen as an authoritative source of historical information by the English.

Firishta's work still maintains a high place and is considered reliable in many respects. Several portions of it have been translated into English; but the best as well as the most complete translation is that published by General J. Several additions were made by Briggs to the original work of Firishta, but he omitted the whole of the twelfth book, and various other passages which had been omitted in the copy from which he translated. Edward Gibbon used Firishta's work as one of the sources of reference for Indian history in Decline and Fall.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Government of Maharashtra. Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved Kashmir Under the Sultans. Aakar Books. Against History, Against State. Orient Blackswan. The Delhi Sultanate. Cambridge University Press. Bairam Khan. Mirza Beg. Namespaces Article Talk.

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