A collection of lyric poems that contains more than 40, verses, it is written in the New Persian language and is considered one of the greatest works of Persian literature. The following poem of Rumi is written in Persian while the last words of each verse end with a Greek word: . The works have been difficult to edit, because of the absence of vowel pointing in most of the verses, and the confusion of scribes unfamiliar with Greek; different editions of the verses vary greatly: . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sufi orders. List of sufis.
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Where can I find the Persian translation of the poem known as "Unfold your own myth"? I'm trying to find it in the Persian, rather than the English as Barks translated it. I read it was Ghazaliate Shams Can you help me?
Hi Megan, Thanks for visiting the blog Post a Comment. Agustin St. Nicholson Annemarie Schimmel A. Divan-e Shams Tabrizi. Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi in Farsi. It is often said that Rumi had attained the level of a "Perfect Master" and as such, he often dwelled in the spiritual realms that were rarely visited by others of this world.
Rumi had attained spiritual heights that were attained by only a few before him or since The French writer, Maurice Barres had once confessed: " When I experienced Rumi's poetry, which is vibrant with the tone of ecstasy and with melody, I realized the deficiencies of Shakespeare, Goethe and Victor Hugo.
In profundity of thought, inventiveness of image, and triumphant mastery of language, Rumi stands out as the supreme genius of Islamic Mysticism. Rumi's Masnavi reflects a much more ecumenical spirit and a far broader and deeper religious sensibility than Dante's Divine Comedy. Rumi is one of the greatest spiritual masters and poetical geniuses of mankind and was the founder of the Mevlevi Sufi Order, a leading mystical brotherhood of Islam. Rumi was born in Balkh [a historic city in northern modern Afghanistan near Mazar-e Sharif, back then the eastern frontiers of the great Persian Empire], in 30 September to a family of learned theologians.
Escaping the Mongol invasion and destruction, Rumi and his family traveled extensively in the Muslim lands, performed pilgrimage to Mecca and finally settled in Konya, Anatolia, then part of Seljuk Empire. When his father Bahauddin Walad passed away, Rumi succeeded his father in as professor in religious sciences. Rumi 24 years old, was an already accomplished scholar in religious and positive sciences. Rumi was introduced into the mystical path by a wandering dervish, Shams of Tabriz.
Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi died on December 17, A. Men of five faiths followed his bier. Ever since, the Mevlevi Sufi Dervishes have kept that date as a festival. It is very gratifying to note that at the death of Rumi, his mourners were of all creeds. Rumi is born in Balkh, north-eastern Persia [northern-Afghanistan]. Death of Fariduddin Attar [the eminent 13th century Persian Sufi poet]. The Mongol army conquers Balkh [Rumi's birthplace in northern-Afghanistan].
Rumi marries Gowhar Khatun. Birth of Sultan Walad [Rumi's favorite son and successor]. Death of Baha Walad [Rumi's father]. Borhanuddin Termezi arrives in Konya [Rumi's first Sufi master].
Rumi begins his studies in Syria. Rumi meets Shams-e Tabriz in Konya for the first time. Shams disappears. Death of Salahuddin. The Mongols conquer Baghdad, the Abbasid capital. The Mongols are defeated in Syria by the Mamluks [ ruled Egypt and Syria from until , when their dynasty was extinguished by the Ottomans].
The Masnavi is started. In parentheses [ ] information above are my insertions. The Masnavi - Book One. A new translation by Jawid Mojaddedi. A Short Outline of Rumi's Life. As both a teacher and a mystic, his doctrine advocates tolerance, reasoning, goodness, charity and awareness through love, looking with the same eye on Muslims, Jews, Christians and others alike.
Read Entire Paper Below:. Love, tolerance, h umanity, compassion, respect, openness, acceptance of the other in his or her otherness, and interfaith dialogues are fundamentals of Rumi's thoughts and practices. It is often said that the teachings of Rumi are ecumenical in nature. For Rumi, religion was mostly a personal experience and not limited to logical arguments or perceptions of the senses.
For Rumi. The main theme and message of Rumi's thoughts and teachings is the love of God and His creatures. The focus of his philosophy is humanity and his objective is to achieve and to help others reach the state of perfect human being. Rumi founded the Mevlevi Sufi mystic order, commonly known as the "Whirling Dervishes" and created the Sema rite, a ritualistic sacred dance to symbolically seek the divine truth and maturity.
Rumi's message and teachings continue to inspire people from all religions and cultures today and show us how to live together in peace and harmony.
The world of Rumi is not exclusive, but is rather the highest state of a human being - namely, a fully evolved human. He offends no one and includes everyone, as a perfect human being who is in search of love, truth and the unity of the human soul. Rumi's very broad appeal, highly advanced thinking, humanism and open heart and mind may derive from his genuinely cosmopolitan character, as during his lifetime he enjoyed exceptionally good relations with people of diverse social, cultural and religious backgrounds.
Rumi was familiar with the core message of all of them and therefore was appreciated by believers of many religions. There was perhaps no more beautiful tribute to Rumi's universality than his funeral, a day marathon of grieving attended by distraught and weeping Muslims, Christians, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists and Zoroastrians who mourned in such a manner that one would have believed that Rumi belonged to each one of them. It consists of six lengthy books of poetry each containing several thousand lines of text , set up in a teaching-style format designed to convey important spiritual lessons.
The Masnavi weaves fables, scenes from everyday life, Quranic revelations and exegesis, and metaphysics into a vast and intricate tapestry. The Masnavi is deeply permeated with Quranic meanings and references, which is why it has been so famous and well-loved for so many centuries all across the Muslim world.
The Masnavi is set up in the classic style of a Sufi teaching manual. It conveys its message almost entirely through stories of varying length. Like many such collections that came before it, Rumi's Masnavi contains within its tales references to the Quran, the sayings of Prophet Muhammad, Muslim history, famous saints and sinners, poetic allusions, and tales of animals and fantastic events.
The six books of the Masnavi can be divided into three groups of two because each pair is linked by a common theme. In the Masnavi, Rumi deals with many of the major questions of Islamic theology, addressing himself not primarily to learned scholars, but to ordinary people, using lively and accessible arguments to capture their attention.
The aim is to explain the very roots of spirituality and the meaning of religion as understood by those who tread the mystical path, and thus to provide a guide for the thinking person to resolve everyday moral and metaphysical quandries as a true Sufi might.
Rumi does not approach his theology in any systematic fashion; rather, the Masnavi is composed of parables nested within stories, interrupted by funny anecdotes or bawdy jokes, designed to reel in his audience.
Rumi puts these dramatic vignettes to good purpose, drawing from them theological conclusions, pointing them with morals that illustrate his spiritual and mystical perceptions, and admonishing his readers to deeper understanding and higher aspiration.
The likeness of the light thereof is as a niche in which is a candle shining with radiance brighter than the dawn. There the righteous eat and drink, and there the free are gladdened and rejoiced; and like the Nile of Egypt it is a drink to them that endure patiently, but a grief to the people of Pharaoh and the unbelievers, even as God has said, He lets many be misled thereby and He lets many be guided thereby. It is the cure for breasts, and the purge of sorrows, and the expounder of the Quran, and the abundance of gifts, and the cleansing dispositions; by the hands of noble righteous scribes who forbid None shall touch it except the purified.
Falsehood does not approach it either from before or behind, since God observes it and watches over it, and He is the best guardian and He is the most merciful of them that show mercy. And it has other titles of honor which God has bestowed upon it. It is believed that Rumi continued to compose poems for the Divan long after this final crisis— during the composition of the Masnavi. The Divan is filled with ecstatic verses in which Rumi expresses his mystical love for Shams as a symbol of his love for God.
Shams of Tabriz was the man who transformed Rumi from a learned religious teacher into a devotee of music, dance, poetry, and founder of the Whirling Dervishes. Shams stayed with Rumi for less than two years when upset by the hostility of Rumi's disciples, spearheaded by Rumi's own son, Alauddin, one day Shams left unannounced. This valuable wealth of mystic poetry, over 50, verses, are preserved in the form of what is known as Divan-e Shams Tabrizi --Rumi uses Shams as nom de plume in the poems as a glowing tribute to his mystical lover and Sufi master, Shams of Tabriz.
Fihi Ma Fihi is a record of those 71 spiritual discussions that often followed music and dance, the reciting of sacred poems and phrases, and the now famous Whirling Dance of Sufi Dervishes that Rumi originated to bring spiritual awakening to the masses. Fihi Ma Fihi or The Discourses was compiled from the notes of his various disciples, so Rumi did not author the work directly.
An English translation from the Persian was first published by A. Arberry as Discourses of Rumi , and a translation of the second book by Wheeler Thackston as Sign of the Unseen Therefore God is what God is. There is no more to reality than reality. God is. Reality is. It is what it is. Explanations cannot explain it. Words cannot reveal it.
Without this essence there is no existence and there is no life. The life giving essence is at the core of each entity from elementary particles to the entire Cosmos and from viruses to human beings.
This essence is also known as the Soul. Unit Souls and the Cosmic Soul seem different but they are reflections of that nameless indescribable ocean of love and bliss. Rumi experiences this infinite ocean, he is unable to explain it and unable to describe it. The Sermons themselves give a commentary on the deeper meaning of Quran and Hadith. Throughout his life, Rumi gave many sermons in the mosques of Konya and many addresses and speeches to gatherings of his students, followers, and others. Each of these seven speeches centers upon an important saying, or hadith, of Prophet Muhammad and is expounded upon with a wide variety of anecdotes, examples, and persuasive arguments.
Here is a brief summary of the contents of each of the Seven Sermons of Rumi.
Selected Poems From Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi
Translations from Divan-e Shams. Divan-e Shams is a masterpiece of wisdom and eloquence. It is often said that Rumi had attained the level of a "Perfect Master" and as such, he often dwelled in the spiritual realms that were rarely visited by others of this world. He attained heights that were attained by only a few before him or since. In Divan-e Shams, he has used many images from the mundane world. Images such as the wine and the wine bearer, the pearl and the ocean, the sun and the moon, the night and day, the caravan, pilgrimage and many more.