Important User Information: Remote access to EBSCO's databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use. However, remote access to EBSCO's databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution. Winter, Issue 80, p Abstract: It seems that Ardabil Lodge had deep influences on Azerbaijani and Anatolian Turks when taking into consideration of its significant part in the political, social and cultural life of Near and Middle East. Therefore, it occupies a special place in Turkish-Islamic history.

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From the end of the 11th century onwards, sources mention the presence of the nomadic Oghuz Turks in the Antalya region, which became their destination and where they found abundant green feed for their animals throughout the year in the mountain pastures during the summer and in the low plains during the winter.

The Oghuz presence in this region resulted in heavy casualties for the members of the Second Crusader as they descended towards the coast, to the city of Antalya, from the Denizli plains and the Oghuz presence in the region greatly increased following the capture of the city of Antalya by the Seljuks in Many places on the Teke Peninsula, to the west of the Gulf of Antalya, still carry the names of the first Turkish tribes that settled in the area.

Sources report that Mubariziddin Mehmet Bey was called the "Teke Pasha", literally the "he-goat pasha", thanks to his stubbornness in recapturing the city of Antalya from the Lusignan Knights of Cyprus, who had occupied the city in Under his administration the region began to be called the "Teke ili", and the local population were called "Tekelis" from the end of the 14th century.

According to the sources, in the late 14th century the Ottoman Sultan Beyazit I launched a campaign in this region and returned with ten thousand camels. He placed the Teke region firstly under the rule of his son isa, and then under the rule of his son Mustafa Chelebi with the status of a "sanjak".

The prosperous lands of the Teke region included many "timars" and became the sanjak of Prince Korkut, the son of the Ottoman Sultan Beyazit II, at the beginning of the 16th century. Timur occupied the Teke region during his campaign in Anatolia and sources inform us that Timur, when he left Anatolia, took with him 30, hostages. On his route from Anatolia, Timur called at the Erdebil Tekke, which was at this time led by Hodja Ali, the grandson of Sheikh Safiyyeddin -the founder of the Safavid dynasty-, and Timur donated many villages in this region to the Erdebil Tekke.

He also asked of Hodja Ali, whom he highly respected, if he had another request. Hodja Ali replied that he had no other wish, but would like to see the hostages that Timur had brought from Anatolia released. In response to this request, Timur released them all and sent them back to their homes, together with decrees to the local Emirs that these people should not be put under any pressure. It is certain that some of these hostages, that had been taken by Timur and were released at the request of Hodja Ali, were nomadic or settled Turkmen from the Teke region.

During the leaderships of Ciineyt, the grandson of Hodja Ali, and his son Haydar, whose skills for organizing propoganda are reported to have been outstanding, the warm relations between the Turkmen Tekelis and the Safavids grew even stronger. When Shah Ismail, son of Haydar, founded the Safavid State in the beginning of the 16th century, over the course of the following years, he found great support from the Turkmen Tekelis, who were linked to the Erdebil Tekke.

The Turkmen chieftains of Teke were always close beside him. Hasan Halife was one of the disciples who had been educated by Haydar, who were sent as propogandists into Anatolia, he was given the title of "Caliph". About this time, Prince Korkut, who had had problems with his father Sultan Beyazit II and had fled to Egypt, came to terms with his father and returned to rule the Antalya sanjak.

In the last years of the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Beyazit II, Korkut wanted to be closer to the capital city Istanbul to facilitate his accession to the Sultanate on the death of his father, and so departed in great secrecy from the Antalya Sanjak, leaving for Manisa via the Yenice Pass. Then he reached Kiitahya, which was the center of the Anadolu Beylerbeyligi. Here he defeated the Ottoman Beylerbeyi Karagoz Ahmet Pasha killing him, and, after capturing Kiitahya he plundered the city.

First he held the Kizilkaya, on the border between Burdur and Antalya, then he retreated further, to the Doseme Derbendi. He then continued on his march to Sivas via Kayseri. Sources reveal that the surviving rebels continued on their way from Sivas, to Iran via Erzincan. If you would like to get announcement mails about Akmed activities, please subcribe to our mailling list. Subscribe Unsubscribe.

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