FAKHR AL-DIN AL-RAZI TAFSIR PDF

His aggressiveness and vengefulness created many enemies and involved him in numerous intrigues. Wherever he went, he debated with famous scholars and was patronized and consulted by local rulers. He wrote about books and gained fame and wealth. It was said that wherever he rode, of his students accompanied him on foot; when he moved from one city to another, 1, mules carried his possessions, and there seemed no limit to his silver and gold. The empire of the Baghdad caliphs was disintegrating; its numerous local rulers were virtually independent.

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He was one of the earliest proponents and skeptics that came with the concept of Multiverse , and compared it with the astronomical teachings of Quran. He was a leading proponent of the Ash'ari school of theology. His commentary on the Quran was the most-varied and many-sided of all extant works of the kind, comprising most of the material of importance that had previously appeared. He devoted himself to a wide range of studies and is said to have expended a large fortune on experiments in alchemy.

In his later years, he also showed interest in mysticism , though this never formed a significant part of his thought. This work contains much of philosophical interest.

One of his "major concerns was the self-sufficiency of the intellect. Al-Razi's development of Kalam Islamic scholastic theology led to the evolution and flourishing of theology among Muslims. Razi had experienced different periods in his thinking, affected by the Ash'ari school of thought and later by al-Ghazali.

The most important instance showing the synthesis of Razi's thought may be the problem of the eternity of the world and its relation to God. He tried to reorganize the arguments of theologians and philosophers on this subject, collected and critically examined the arguments of both sides. He considered, for the most part, the philosophers' argument for the world's eternity stronger than the theologians' position of putting emphasis on the temporal nature of the world.

Al-Razi states: [12]. It is established by evidence that there exists beyond the world a void without a terminal limit khala' la nihayata laha , and it is established as well by evidence that God Most High has power over all contingent beings al-mumkinat. The arguments of the philosophers dala'il al-falasifah for establishing that the world is one are weak, flimsy arguments founded upon feeble premises. Al-Razi rejected the Aristotelian and Avicennian notions of a single universe revolving around a single world.

He describes their main arguments against the existence of multiple worlds or universes, pointing out their weaknesses and refuting them. This rejection arose from his affirmation of atomism , as advocated by the Ash'ari school of Islamic theology , which entails the existence of vacant space in which the atoms move, combine and separate [ citation needed ]. He discussed more on the issue of the void — the empty spaces between stars and constellations in the universe , that contain few or no stars — in greater detail in volume 5 of the Matalib.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sunni Muslim theologian and philosopher. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Arabic. April Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia.

Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing Arabic Wikipedia article at [[:ar:]]; see its history for attribution.

For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. This article is about the theologian and philosopher. For the physician and alchemist, see Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi. For other uses, see Razi disambiguation. Ray , Iran. Herat , Afghanistan. Sufi orders. List of sufis. Notable early Notable modern Singers. Topics in Sufism. Main article: Tafsir al-Kabir al-Razi. Oxford University Press. Islam and Other Religions: Pathways to Dialogue. Retrieved Jonah as a Prophet of Obedience".

Journal of Qur'anic Studies. Biographical encyclopedia of astronomers 2nd edition. The Cambridge history of Iran, Volume 4 Repr. London: Cambridge U. The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy. Facsimile of the Autograph Manuscript of Vol. New International Encyclopedia 1st ed. New York: Dodd, Mead.

EWI Press. Abdullah ibn Alawi al-Haddad. Islamic theology. Fields Theologians Books. Eschatology Ethics Kalam. Astronomy Cosmology Physics. Cosmology Metaphysics Philosophy. Aboobacker Musliyar. Hanbalis Ibn Taymiyyah Ibn al Qayyim. Tajrid al-I'tiqad. Early Muslim scholars List of contemporary Muslim scholars of Islam. People of Khorasan.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. In other projects Wikiquote. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Shafi'i [3]. Ash'ari [3] [4]. List of sufis Notable early Notable modern Singers. Islam portal. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Fakhr al-Din al-Razi.

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Fakhr al-Din al-Razi

Imam Fakhr al-Din al-Razi was one of the outstanding figures in Islamic theology. Living in the second half of the sixth century ah twelfth century ad , he also wrote on history, grammar, rhetoric, literature, law, the natural sciences and philosophy, and composed one of the major works of Qur'anic exegesis, the only remarkable gap in his output being politics. He travelled widely in the eastern lands of Islam, often engaging in heated polemical confrontations. His disputatious character, intolerant of intellectual weakness, frequently surfaces in his writings, but these are also marked by a spirit of synthesis and a profound desire to uncover the truth, whatever its source. A number of his metaphysical positions became well known in subsequent philosophical literature, being cited more often than not for the purposes of refutation. His prolixity and pedantic argumentation were often criticized, but he was widely considered the reviver of Islam in his century.

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Tafsir Al-Kabir – 8 Volumes Open Access

He was one of the earliest proponents and skeptics that came with the concept of Multiverse , and compared it with the astronomical teachings of Quran. He was a leading proponent of the Ash'ari school of theology. His commentary on the Quran was the most-varied and many-sided of all extant works of the kind, comprising most of the material of importance that had previously appeared. He devoted himself to a wide range of studies and is said to have expended a large fortune on experiments in alchemy.

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