Le Rouge et le Blanc, ou le Fil d'Ariane d'un voyageur naturaliste. A veces se escuchan gritos de guerra, ecos reclamando justicia y susurros de amor. Ils croient que nous ne sommes pas seuls dans l'univers. Pourquoi la vie existerait-elle seulement sur la Terre? C'est comme chercher une aiguille dans une meule de foin. A dessein?
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The roots of modern Ufology include the " mystery airships " of the late s, the " foo fighters " reported by Allied airmen during World War II , the "ghost fliers" of Europe and North America during the s, the " ghost rockets " of Scandinavia mostly Sweden in , and the Kenneth Arnold "flying saucer" sighting of Despite investigations sponsored by governments and private entities, Ufology is not embraced by academia as a scientific field of study, and is instead considered a pseudoscience by skeptics and science educators ,  being often included on lists of topics characterized as pseudoscience as either a partial  or total   pseudoscience.
Although some ufologists e. Sturrock have proposed explicit methodological activities for investigation of UFOs,  scientific UFO research is challenged by the facts that the phenomena are spatially and temporally unpredictable, are not reproducible, and lack tangible physicality. Unfortunately there are no cases that are both reliable and interesting. The ufologists J. In addition to UFO sightings, certain supposedly related phenomena are of interest to some ufologists, including crop circles ,  cattle mutilations ,  and alien abductions and implants.
Skeptic Robert Sheaffer has accused Ufology of having a "credulity explosion,"  writing that, "the kind of stories generating excitement and attention in any given year would have been rejected by mainstream ufologists a few years earlier for being too outlandish.
McDonald also identified "cultism" and "extreme Posadism's main theorist, Juan Posadas , believed the human race must "appeal to the beings on other planets Starting in the s, investigations, studies, and conferences related to Ufology were sponsored by governmental agencies and private groups.
Typically motivated by visual UFO sightings, the goals of these studies included critical evaluation of the observational evidence, attempts to resolve and identify the observed events, and the development of policy recommendations. These studies include:. A large number of private organizations dedicated to the study, discussion, and publicity of Ufology and other UFO-related topics exist throughout the world, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Switzerland.
Along with such "pro-UFO" groups are skeptic organizations that emphasize the pseudoscientific nature of UFology. During the annual World UFO Day July 2 , ufologists and associated organizations raise public awareness of Ufology, in an effort to "tell the truth about earthly visits from outer space aliens.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Study of UFOs. Not to be confused with UFO religion. Government investigations.
Further information: List of ufologists. This article is in list format, but may read better as prose. You can help by converting this article , if appropriate. Editing help is available. May Main article: List of UFO organizations. Further information: List of skeptics and skeptical organizations. The Sociological Review. Science, technology, and society: an encyclopedia. Oxford University Press US.
Charleston, South Carolina: BiblioBazaar. Retrieved International Journal of Astrobiology. Bibcode : IJAsB The lure of the edge: scientific passions, religious beliefs, and the pursuit of UFOs.
University of California Press. Retrieved May 3, April 14, February 28, The Copenhagen Post. January 29, Expressen in Swedish. May 6, Skeptical Inquirer. Science, action, and reality. The psychology of science and the origins of the scientific mind. Yale University Press. Retrieved 16 December Scientific American Frontiers. Chedd-Angier Production Company. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 9 October Astronomical Society of the Pacific. Retrieved 2 November Iowa Academy of Science.
July Archived from the original PDF on 26 June Science and Engineering Indicators. Archived from the original on 16 June Retrieved 6 April Belief in pseudoscience is relatively widespread A sizable minority of the public believes in UFOs and that aliens have landed on Earth.
Retrieved May 8, Public Understanding of Science. In Broome, Matthew; Bortolotti, Lisa eds. Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives.
Oxford University Press. Master's Thesis. Virginia Polytechnic Institute : Archived from the original PDF on Other Worlds. Allen The UFO experience: a scientific enquiry. Alien worlds: social and religious dimensions of extraterrestrial contact. Syracuse University Press. Journal of Scientific Exploration. Crop circles: signs of contact. Career Press. Linda Moulton Howe Productions. Retrieved 27 December Crash at Corona: The U.
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