Access options available:. By David Dalby. Hebron, Wales: Linguasphere Press, — Petersburg, Since that time numerous areal, genetic, and typological reference works on select language groups have appeared as well as important worldwide studies such as Ethnologue: Languages of the world 13th edn.
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Welcome aboard linguasphere. The Observatoire is a largely voluntary transnational research organisation, created in Quebec in and subsequently based in Normandy and Wales. The structure of this foundation edition of the Register provides the framework for the ongoing research of the Observatoire linguistique, and for the further development and expansion of this site as a free public information service.
It is important to record here clearly, and with sincerest gratitude, that the greatly expanded and improved version of this linguasphere. The prompt action of Margaret and Eric was crucial in saving the future of the Linguasphere Register at a critical juncture, from December onwards, by ensuring that the contents of its two volumes could at last made fully and freely available online under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.
Initially, it was hoped that this renewed webship might be further developed as a continuously updated bilingual resource, in French as well as English, keeping careful track of all incoming data on the world's languages. Sadly, it proved impossible for the Observatoire, as a small voluntary research association, to maintain this desirable task. On the other hand, events and experience have demonstrated that an alternative line of development may be of value in bridging the gap between on the one hand inevitable re-assessments of uncertain or prehistoric linguistic relationships, or revisions of data, and on the other the need to build a coherent and stable framework for the presentation of the realities of modern linguistic geography.
The Observatoire was encouraged in this line of reflection when, in , Wikidata. This has resulted in the provision of an in-built editorial facility for incorporating Linguasphere referential codes into the info-boxes of en. Wikipedia articles devoted to individual languages, groups of languages, and important sub-divisions of any language.
Most coding systems for the identification of languages as in the case of ISO are often based on practical abbreviations of language-names in the Latin alphabet.
This primary Framework was only made possible by the fact that all human languages and language groups may be more widely organised, naturally and conveniently, within five major phyla or phylosectors of wider relationship or if not within five major continents or geosectors of wider location, within a system of initial digits , as fully presented and explained in Vol 1 of the Register, and fully documented in Vol. Not a great many languages in the world are likely to be re -classified, after further study and consideration, but a modest number inevitably will be, especially within the five continental geosectors.
For that reason, since Linguasphere codes are now increasingly cited in en. The advice and agreement of Wikidata and Wikipedia will of course be necessary for this proposal as a potential subject of debate at a future Wikimania meeting? In a century of perhaps the greatest demographic and linguistic changes ever known, it will doubtless be useful to conduct a global review of human ethnolinguistic relationships at broadly spaced intervals.
The Observatoire expresses its gratitude for this valuable supplement to the Register, and for the subsequent advice and professional help which Jens Roth has readily provided on the subject of future online development and website management of the Register. Finally, with extreme pleasure, it is possible to announce the first ever publication on this site from April of the original version of the Observatoire's Language Map of Africa , compiled by David Dalby between and First published by the International African Institute in , this manuscript map presents the state of ethnolinguistic distribution throughout the continent to the end of the imposition of fragile European colonial frontiers.
An earlier presentation of the original disjointed and differently coded manuscript version had already been organised on this present site by Sylviano, together with an in-built facility for its enlarged viewing as still available here now, alongside his own single-sheet and equally enlargeable GIS version. This first update to linguasphere. Comments, questions and offers of support will be welcome at linguareg gmail.
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The Linguasphere Observatory or "Observatoire", based upon its original French and legal title: Observatoire Linguistique is a transnational linguistic research network. Since , the deputy director and webmaster of the Observatoire has been Pierrick le Feuvre, with the chairman of its research council being Roland Breton, emeritus professor at the University of Paris VIII. Its title in Welsh is Wylfa Ieithoedd , literally the "Observatory of languages", and its publishing associate also in Wales is the Gwasg y Byd Iaith , i. The Observatoire has developed an innovative scheme of philological classification, coding all living and recorded languages within a global referential framework or "linguascale". This Linguascale Framework uses a decimal structure see below to record both genetic and geographic categories of relationship termed phylozones and geozones , respectively. Vajda in Language and by Anthony P.
Quebec , David Dalby. Wales , UK. The Linguasphere Observatory French : Observatoire Linguistique ; Welsh : Wylfa Ieithoedd is an international network devoted to the study of world languages.
The Linguasphere Register of the World's Languages and Speech Communities