MADE IN CHINA PUN NGAI PDF

Access options available:. In this multilayered ethnography, Pun Ngai, from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, analyzes the Chinese dagongmei , "a new social body" p. The authoritarian Chinese government, the production and consumption imperatives of the global capitalist market, and patriarchal Chinese culture all inflict their specific and sometimes complicit violence on the female producing body, according to Pun, and all are subject to harsh judgment. Her analysis, drawing heavily on Foucault's theoretical insights on sexuality, disciplining the body, technologizing the self, and dream readings, critiques the oppressive matrix of power constructed by the socialist state, global capitalism, and patriarchy. Yet Pun also focuses on the transgressive tactics of the rural dagongmei , who perform individual and collective acts of resistance to the violent coercion and exploitation they experience in the urban factories, even as they dream of staying in the city and delaying inevitable marriages.

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Access options available:. In this multilayered ethnography, Pun Ngai, from Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, analyzes the Chinese dagongmei , "a new social body" p. The authoritarian Chinese government, the production and consumption imperatives of the global capitalist market, and patriarchal Chinese culture all inflict their specific and sometimes complicit violence on the female producing body, according to Pun, and all are subject to harsh judgment.

Her analysis, drawing heavily on Foucault's theoretical insights on sexuality, disciplining the body, technologizing the self, and dream readings, critiques the oppressive matrix of power constructed by the socialist state, global capitalism, and patriarchy. Yet Pun also focuses on the transgressive tactics of the rural dagongmei , who perform individual and collective acts of resistance to the violent coercion and exploitation they experience in the urban factories, even as they dream of staying in the city and delaying inevitable marriages.

The lives of the dagongmei , Pun argues—with more hopefulness than her chronicle seems to warrant—foretell "new configurations of social resistance and the coming of a silent 'social revolution' from below" p. While she never became a "real" dagongmei , she listened to the "dreams and screams" of her production-line coworkers and roommates, and was schooled in the rules of the Shenzhen factory world by department managers, foremen, and line leaders.

In six chapters and a brief conclusion, Pun juxtaposes excruciatingly revealing stories of individual dagongmei with dense explanatory analysis. This formula succeeds in explicating an individualized, complex, contradictory, and fluid worker-subject as she existed in the mids, as well as in illuminating the web of power relations that govern the dagongmei 's existence in contemporary urban industrial China.

This working class possesses an active "class-conscious" agency according to Pun, who cites workers' poems and graffiti expressing resistance to the commodification and exploitation of their bodies. But it is a consciousness that is neither Marxist nor Maoist in its political articulation. The new industrial proletariat has lost its former privileged gongren status in post-Mao China as government reform leaders seek to eradicate the language of class struggle and replace it with the language of capitalist growth and development and consumer desire.

Those who prosper in the SEZ, besides foreign capitalist investors, are those who were born in Shenzhen when the Maoist-era village commune government transformed into a parent company that spawned various production enterprises in With a Shenzhen hukou , or official residency, ties to local family and kinship networks, and shared ownership in the privatized company that regulates all aspects of the "socialist market economy," the formerly peasant Shenzhen ren are now "urban citizens" and China's new bourgeoisie.

Migrant workers, the dagongmei and dagongzai working boys with rural hukous , inhabit Shenzhen on a temporary basis, only for as long as the terms Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.

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Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. Institutional Login. LOG IN. China Review International. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Reviewed by:. Pun Ngai. Additional Information. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Eliot Prose. Contact Contact Us Help.

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Made in China : Women Factory Workers in a Global Workplace

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Made in China

Author: Pun Ngai. For eight months she slept in the employee dormitories and worked on the shop floor alongside the women whose lives she chronicles. She looks at acts of resistance and transgression in the workplace, positing that the chronic pains—such as backaches and headaches—that many of the women experience are as indicative of resistance to oppressive working conditions as they are of defeat. Pun suggests that a silent social revolution is underway in China and that these young migrant workers are its agents.

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Literature: Made in China by Pun Ngai

Ngai, Pun. Made in China is the result of an ethnographic study carried out by the author, Pun Ngai, in — at an electronics factory in Shenzhen, China. Throughout the book, Ngai shares her first person observations on the tough factory lives of the dagonmei and explores a variety of physical, psychological, social, and political issues surrounding them. As China has evolved into a global factory in the last three decades, the dagonmei have formed a new cultural class. Their labor, however, is often short term, which usually lasts about four to five years. This temporality is not the choice of the women but mainly caused by the hukou registry system set by the state laws in China.

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