M.SCHIAVELLO L.PALMISANO FONDAMENTI DI CHIMICA PDF

D1 Knowledge and understanding: The student must possess the knowledge of the language and of the notations of general and inorganic chemistry, of the main chemical processes and of the related theory, with the capacity of correlate them to practical experiences in a laboratory, understanding the mechanisms. D3 Making judgements: The student must be autonomous and able to identify chemical data and information, to understand their significance in the framework of physical context and to predict and understand the chemical behavior. D4 Communication skills: The student must possess the scientific language that allow him to properly discus, with both experts and non-experts, about the chemical behavior of solutions, gasses, materials and biological systems. The student must be able to well define chemical experiences, to analyze the outputs and to draw scientific conclusions. D5 Learning skills: The student must have acquired a scientific approach to chemical problem, with the competences needed to autonomously understand chemical processes that are at the bases of future studies.

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D1 Knowledge and understanding: The student must possess the knowledge of the language and of the notations of general and inorganic chemistry, of the main chemical processes and of the related theory, with the capacity of correlate them to practical experiences in a laboratory, understanding the mechanisms. D3 Making judgements: The student must be autonomous and able to identify chemical data and information, to understand their significance in the framework of physical context and to predict and understand the chemical behavior.

D4 Communication skills: The student must possess the scientific language that allow him to properly discus, with both experts and non-experts, about the chemical behavior of solutions, gasses, materials and biological systems.

The student must be able to well define chemical experiences, to analyze the outputs and to draw scientific conclusions.

D5 Learning skills: The student must have acquired a scientific approach to chemical problem, with the competences needed to autonomously understand chemical processes that are at the bases of future studies. States of matter. Electronic structure. Chemical bond. Chemical properties of the elements and their compounds. Chemical reactions. Colligative properties. Acid-base reactions and chemical equilibrium. Redox reactions. Elements of thermochemistry and electrochemistry.

Lectures with multimedia material organized in hypertext pages made available to students in the platform Moodle. Interaction with the students using Moodle, mail, direct colloquia, mail. Classification and states of matter. Pure substances and mixtures. Heterogeneous mixtures and solutions. Compounds and elements. The atom and atomic number. Nuclides and isotopes. The atomic mass unit. The relative atomic mass of the elements.

Molecular Formula. Minimum and empirical formula. Structural formula. Formula of ionic and covalent solids. The molar mass. The extensive and intensive magnitudes. The mole as an extensive quantity. Nomenclature of chemical compounds. Balancing simple chemical reactions and use of stoichiometric coefficients. Percent yield of reactions. Oxidation-reduction reactions. Balancing of oxidation- reduction reactions. Electromagnetic waves.

The modern atomic theory. The wave function The quantum numbers. The atomic orbital. Multi-electron Systems. Effective nuclear charge. Pauli exclusion principle. Electronic configuration. Aufbau principle. Hund's rule. Diamagnetic - paramagnetic properties. The periodic table. Inner electrons and valence electrons. Periodic trends: atomic radius, ionization energy, electron affinity , electronegativity. The chemical bond. The octet rule. Ionic bond. The pure covalent bond. The polar covalent bond.

The dipole moment. Geometries of molecules. VSEPR theory. Hybrid orbitals. Valence bond theory. Lewis structures. Stability of Lewis structures.

The octet rule and expansion of the octet. Resonance theory and limit formulas. The resonance hybrid. The bond order in resonance hybrids and formal charges. The oxidation number. Introduction to molecular orbital theory. Molecular orbitals in diatomic molecules. Bonding in metals , insulators and semiconductors. The solid state. The liquid state. Concentration as an intensive magnitude. Definition of Molarity. Weight percent.

Volume percent. Molality and mole fraction. Interactions between molecules: Ion-dipole interaction , dipole-dipole , ion - induced dipole , dipole- induced dipole , induced dipole - induced dipole, hydrogen bonding. The gaseous state. The ideal gas. Avogadro, Boyle and Charles laws. The ideal gas law. Gas mixtures. Dalton's law. Van Der Waals equation. State Diagram of water. Properties of water. Solutions of strong and weak electrolytes.

Solubility and solvation. Vapor pressure. Volatile and non- volatile solvents. Raoult's law. Freezing point depression. Boiling point elevation. The osmotic pressure. Acids and bases according to Arrhenius, Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis.

Conjugate acid-base pairs. Amphoteric compounds. Polybasic acids.

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CHEMISTRY (047SM)

Mention M : Presentation of a textbook was con-. Schiavello and Palmisano. Schiavello, L. Palmisano, Fondamenti di chimica, 2nd Ed.

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