The work is in the form of a Singspiel , a popular form during the time it was written that included both singing and spoken dialogue. In this opera, the Queen of the Night persuades Prince Tamino to rescue her daughter Pamina from captivity under the high priest Sarastro; instead, he learns the high ideals of Sarastro's community and seeks to join it. Separately, then together, Tamino and Pamina undergo severe trials of initiation, which end in triumph, with the Queen and her cohorts vanquished. The earthy Papageno, who accompanies Tamino on his quest, fails the trials completely but is rewarded anyway with the hand of his ideal female companion, Papagena. The opera was the culmination of a period of increasing involvement by Mozart with Schikaneder's theatrical troupe, which since had been the resident company at the Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart was a close friend of one of the singer-composers of the troupe, tenor Benedikt Schack the first Tamino , and had contributed to the compositions of the troupe, which were often collaboratively written.
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In , although afflicted by ill-health, Mozart reached for his quill again at the request of his friend and fellow-Mason Emanuel Schikaneder — and landed a hit: The Magic Flute.
In Schikaneder returned to Vienna as director of the Freihaustheater in the suburb of Wieden. The Freihaustheater was a huge suburban theatre seating 1, within the large Freihaus complex, and the most famous of the many musical theatres built in the suburbs at that time.
Schikaneder wanted Mozart to write a popular opera to his libretto of The Magic Flute. At the same time, however, the opera is a paean to the ideas of Freemasonry. Mozart was already gravely ill while he was composing the opera, but conducted the first performance from the piano himself. Sold out at each performance, it was a triumphant success: it premiered on 30 September and was performed thirty-five times up to the beginning of December.
Even Antonio Salieri attended a performance. Artists and statesmen alike belonged to various lodges which spread the ideas of the Enlightenment in Austria from Hamann, Brigitte: Mozart. We employ strictly necessary and analysis cookies. Analysis cookies are used only with your consent and exclusively for statistical purposes.
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Monarchical rule was legitimized by descent. All the members of the Habsburg dynasty. Maria Theresa Maria Theresa was the most important ruler of Karl I Karl became the heir to the throne after Skip to main content. Salieri — a musical contest at the imperial Court Turks in Vienna!
Portrait of Emanuel Schikaneder. Playbill advertising the premiere at the Freihaustheater in Vienna on 30 September Related content From the age of four, Mozart toured Europe with his sister Maria Anna as a child prodigy, at the instigation of his Dec Item Freemasons Informed by the ideas of the Enlightenment, the state is reorganized on rational principles to further the welfare of its subjects.
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O Isis und Osiris (English translation)
Mozart - O Isis und Osiris from The Magic Flute sheet music for Bass Voice