Baker cysts , or popliteal cysts , are fluid-filled distended synovial-lined lesions arising in the popliteal fossa between the medial head of the gastrocnemius and the semimembranosus tendons via a communication with the knee joint. They are usually located at or below the joint line. They represent neither a true bursa nor a true cyst, as they occur as a communication between the posterior joint capsule and the gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa. Symptomatic presentation may be acute when rupture occurs, in which case the chief differential diagnosis is deep venous thrombosis.

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A diagnostic approach to popliteal fossa masses. Clin Radiol. Dodds JA. Arthroscopic treatment of popliteal cyst. Thorofare: Slack Incorporated;

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