TEORIA MORFOLOGICA DE KRETSCHMER PDF

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Lehmann Defining Ethnicity Ethnicity and Protohistory Historical Setting An Historiographic Outline Contemporary Sources Lukka and the Lukka Lands Ethnogenesis of the Greeks The Rise and Fall of the Mycenaean Greeks From Danaoi to Dan Etruscan Origins The Aeneas Saga: Etruscan Origins in parvo Philistines and Pelasgians Teukroi, Akamas, and Trojan Grey Ware The Central Mediterranean Contribution Concluding Remarks Appendix I.

On the Decipherment of Cretan Hieroglyphic On the Position of Etruscan Pelasgian Demeter and Zeus Nederlandse Samenvatting: De Etniciteit van de Zeevolken Bringing down the Hittite empire and dealing Egypt a blow from which it never recovered, the Sea Peoples epi-sode at the end of the Bronze Age was crucial for a shift of the economic and political centre of gravity of the Mediter-ranean world away from the Levant and towards Greece, Africa Minor, and Italy.

Soon this shift was to give rise to the splendors of archaic and classical Greece developing into Hellenism, Carthage, Etruscan civilization, Rome, the Roman empire, early Christianity, and, in the long run, the emergence the modern western European civilization, dominated by speakers of Indo-European languages, but greatly influenced by a Levantine religion Judaism.

For better or worse, the Sea Peoples episode was one of the few major turning points in world history, comparable to the period of the great migrations which led to the collapse of the Roman empire, or the rise and early spread of Islam. With the help of modern anthropological theories about ethnicity, I seek, in the present study, to determine whether the enigmatic Sea Peoples were merely a bunch of pirates or whether they constituted a set of coherent ethnic enti-ties, temporarily making common cause in pursuit of the richnesses of, and hence a better life in, the Near East.

Of vital importance to this endeavour is the question of the homelands of the various groups which make up the Sea Peoples. In order to tackle this problem, an inter-disciplinary proto-historical method has been applied, which makes full use of the available archaeological, his-torical, and linguistic data as provided by Egyptian, Levan-tine, Anatolian, Aegean, and central Mediterranean sources.

As such, the work aspires at an historical synthesis, in which the Masperonian thesis of a homeland for the Sea Peoples in Asia Minor and the Aegean is balanced with the opinion of others who rather attribute such a role to the is-lands of Sardinia and Sicily and the Italian peninsula in the central Mediterranean. It will be shown that both the Ana-tolian thesis and the central Mediterranean antithesis are partly valid, and that some of the groups of the Sea Peoples originated from Anatolia and the Aegean, whereas others rather came from the central Mediterranean region.

It will further be argued that the prime mover, which set into motion the whole process leading to the upheavals of the Sea peoples, is formed by the truly massive migra-tion of bearers of the central European Urnfield culture into the Italian peninsula c.

Building upon over a century of scholarly Sea Peo-ples research, and offering a combination of various spe-cialist and therefore often relatively inaccessible approaches from a variety of disciplines, this study will of-fer the reader synthetic perspectives onto a crucial period of human history. The work I have been engaged with let us say about the last eight years could not have been accomplished without the help of good friends and colleagues. First of all, my sincere feelings of gratitude are due to my supervisor Wim van Binsbergen, who initiated the project, arranged a sti-pendium to work it out granted by the Erasmus University, and, in addition to stimulating supervision, provided a theoretical framework on ethnicity suitable for the analysis of the Mediterranean in the Late Bronze Age.

Next, the Indo-Europeanist Frits Waanders was so kind to proofread an early draft of the entire manuscript and save me from many errors in spelling and judgment needless to say that remaining ones are my sole responsibility.

Furthermore, I am greatly indebted to the specialist in Linear A, Jan Best, who so to say raised me in the interdisciplinary field of protohistory and kindly proofread an early draft of the sec-tions on the Greeks and the Pelasgians. For the systemati-zation of the transliteration of the Ugaritic texts, I am much obliged to the Assyriologist Frans Wiggermans, whereas in matters of Egyptian hieroglyphic I was guided by the Egyptologists J. F Borghouts and Willem van Haar-lem.

Also of much help was the letter d. Log in Get Started. Download for free Report this document. Embed Size px x x x x Lamberts en volgens besluit van het College voor Promoties. De openbare verdediging zal plaatsvinden op vrijdag 28 april om Docter Prof. The present books argument With the help of modern anthropological theories about ethnicity, I seek, in the present study, to determine whether the enigmatic Sea Peoples were merely a bunch of pirates or whether they constituted a set of coherent ethnic enti-ties, temporarily making common cause in pursuit of the richnesses of, and hence a better life in, the Near East.

Acknowledgments The work I have been engaged with let us say about the last eight years could not have been accomplished without the help of good friends and colleagues.

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Manual de Psicologia Juridica - Mira y Lopez

Marginal microleakage in vitro study of occlusal fissures sealing prepared and etched or not with Er: YAG laser ; Avaliacao in vitro da microinfiltracao marginal em selamentos oclusais preparados e condicionados ou nao pelo laser de Er:YAG. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the degree of marginal microleakage in occlusal sealing by invasive techniques, after preparation with Er:YAG laser followed or not by Er:YAG laser etching and compared to the conventional technique. All cavities were treated with the same adhesive system and restored with flow composite according to manufacturer instructions. Teeth were sectioned longitudinally in the bucco-lingual direction, in slices of 1 mm thick.

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Lehmann Defining Ethnicity Ethnicity and Protohistory Historical Setting An Historiographic Outline

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