AKUPUNKTUR NOKTALAR PDF

Yeditepe Akupunktur This paper deals with the observation of acupuncture therapy affecting interleukin-2 IL-2 level and natural killer NK cell immunoactivity in the peripheral blood of patients with malignant tumors. In this clinical-laboratory test research, randomized double blind method was used. They received one treatment of 30 minutes daily for 10 days. The results showed that the IL-2 level and NK cell activity were lower than normal in patients with malignant tumor, but there was an increase in the acupuncture group after 10 days of treatment.

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We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you! Published by Myra Singleton Modified over 4 years ago. Yang veya Yin enerjisi shaoyang ve shaoyin meridyenlerinde daha az polarizedir. Locate G. According to some texts, moxibustion is contraindicated. Then locate G.

Caution: Like T. This point is often used alternately with T. Follow its course by placing one finger above and the other finger below the arch. Caution: Branches of the temporal, transverse facial and masseteric arteries!

Tradi- tionally, deep needling is prohibited. Then divide the slightly curved line between these two points into quarters and locate G. Generally, G. Generally, this point is located on the level of the parietal suture, just within the hairline.

The point is located approximately at a junction between a horizon- tal line through the apex of the ear and a vertical line along the posterior border of the temple anterior to the ear. From the apex of the ear, measure 1. There, the palpating finger will glide into a bony depression G. For orientation: When a chew- ing movement is made, this can just about be felt at this point.

The point is approximately supe- rior to the posterior margin of the ear. The latter becomes more clearly defined by folding the auricle towards the anterior so that the posterior part of the upper helix covers its anterior part. These two points are the endpoints of a curved line that runs approximately parallel to the posterior margin of the ear within the hairline.

Divide this line into thirds and locate G. This can be palpated at the junction of the cranium and the neck as a cone-shaped, bony structure. With the palpating finger, find the inferior aspect of the mastoid process and locate G. Divide this distance into thirds and locate G. Located at the same level 0. With the patient looking straight ahead, G. The pinching-skin method might be used for needling: pinch the skin between the thumb and index finger so that a skin fold forms.

Insert the needle subcuta- neously into this fold, directing it towards the site of the pain. Important local point for frontal headache regardless of the pathology. This line is located 2. Next, locate G. From there, measure 2. Starting at the midline, glide with the palpating finger along the lower border of the occiput, crossing the bulge of the origin of the trapezius muscle, until you reach a depression the size of a finger pad.

Depending on the position of the head, insertion towards the tip of the nose or the contralateral orbit, 0. Caution: In slim patients, do not needle deeper than 2 cm the vertebral artery is located at a depth of approximately 4 cm. An alter- native, safer method: Lift the muscle and insert the needle approx- imately 1 cun anteriorly or posteriorly into the muscle belly.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy! Important local point. Trigger point for the shoulder with a distal effect on the Uterus. For orientation: In men, the nipple is located in the 4th intercostal space; in women, in a supine position, its location may vary. Note: The intercostal space curves in a superior direction towards lateral. Caution: Pneumothorax. Quick method, especially in men: In men, the nipple is usually located on the level of the 4th intercostal space.

From the nipple, count down- ward to the 7th intercostal space. Or: A more reliable reference, especially in women, is the manubriosternal synchondrosis, a horizontal bony structure on the sternum. The costal cartilage of the second rib is lateral to the synchondrosis, with the 2nd inter- costal space below.

From there, count downward to the 7th inter- costal space and locate G. Major point for disorders of the Gall Bladder. By continuing to palpate along the lower border of the ribcage, you will feel the free end of the 12th rib on the lat- eral aspect of the waist.

Caution: Peritoneum; the needle should be inserted into the obliquus externus or internus muscles. Caution: Be careful with slim patients. At its anterior end, the ASIS can be pal- pated as a bony ridge on the lateral aspect of the lower abdomen. Caution during pregnancy. At its anterior end, the ASIS can be palpated as a bony ridge on the lateral aspect of the lower abdomen.

Use pillows, etc, for a comfortable position. The needle may reach the fascia of the obturator internus muscle as well as inter- muscular connective tissue. Long 3 cun needles 50mm should be used. Caution: Needling is often painful. Needling can result in an electric de qi sensation radiating to the toes. This sensation is particularly common with sciatic disorders and if G. Important point for disorders of the hips.

Sensitivity to pressure should help determine the location of this point. Divide this distance into quarters use an elastic tape or the spreading hands technique and locate G. On the level of the lateral upper border of the patella, palpate in a lateral direction towards the thigh and palpate for the distal end of the lateral epicondyle of the femur. The latter runs along the lateral aspect of the leg along the line of an imaginary trouser seam and attaches inferior to the knee joint at the head of the fibula.

Palpate for the head of the fibula on the lateral aspect of the leg and hold it with the index and middle fingers in a tweezer- like way. Gliding distally with both fingers, the more medial finger will drop into a depression directly anterior and inferior to the head of the fibula, the location of G. Caution: Deep peroneal nerve with deep needling, in some cases also common peroneal nerve.

The needle may reach the interosseous membrane as well as the epineural tissue of the peroneal nerve. Major point for disorders of the tendons and musculature. For orientation: The borders of the fibula are deep to the pero- neus brevis muscle and are often not easily palpable. For this reason, it is suggested to palpate the posterior border of the fibula just superior to the lateral malleolus and then locate the point on an imaginary line running to the head of the fibula.

This distance is 14 cun. From the midpoint of this distance, measure 2 cun in a distal direction and locate G. This depression is located 5 cun proximal to the prominence of the lateral malleolus the width of 1 hand and 2 thumbs. Important distal point for disorders of the eyes. There, locate G. Divide this distance into quarters and locate G. According to some authors, it is located between the pos- terior border of the fibula and the tendons of the peroneus longus and brevis musles.

When in doubt, choose the more pressure- sensitive point. By lifting the toes, the tendons of the extensor dig- itorum longus muscle as well as the depression G. For orientation: G. With the palpating finger, glide on from the tuberosity to the dorsum of the foot, into the groove between the 4th and 5th metatarsal bones. There, palpate in a distal direction. Or: Ask the patient to abduct their toes so that the branch of the tendon of the extensor digitorum longus muscle extending to the little toe becomes more pronounced.

Then palpate in the groove between the 4th and 5th metatarsal bones from distal to proximal to where the tendon crosses the groove. Then palpate from the space between the toes along the groove between the 4th and 5th metatarsal bones from distal to proximal to where the tendon crosses the groove.

Caution: Painful point. Sanaa Alshaarawi. Similar presentations. Upload Log in. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. Log in. Auth with social network: Registration Forgot your password? Download presentation.

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