Schriftelijke vragen van leden van het Europees Parlement en de antwoorden van instellingen van de Europese Unie. Written questions by Members of the European Parliament and their answers given by a European Union institution. Subject: Refusal to pay invoices for linguistic reasons. Subject: Employment discrimination on linguistic grounds.

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Schriftelijke vragen van leden van het Europees Parlement en de antwoorden van instellingen van de Europese Unie. Written questions by Members of the European Parliament and their answers given by a European Union institution.

Subject: Refusal to pay invoices for linguistic reasons. Subject: Employment discrimination on linguistic grounds. Subject: Deliberate exploitation of underage refugees by people-smugglers.

Subject: Progress in quality assurance in higher education in the Member States. Subject: Allocation of the sum used by Greece from the plan for the distribution of food to the most deprived persons.

Subject: Pan-European system for university classification. Subject: Mutual recognition of professional qualifications. Subject: Failure by Enel to supply electricity to a forestry tourism business. Subject: Theft of stones commemorating the Holocaust. Subject: Rice sector and the common agricultural policy reform. Subject: The cost of Energy Performance Certificates.

Subject: Sale of four former Olympic Airways Airbus aircraft. Subject: Illegal trade — An important issue for the Greek economy. Subject: European Personnel Selection Office and the cost of recruitment. Subject: Poor performance by consumer credit websites.

Subject: Direct funding programmes requested by the City of Foggia. Subject: Sinking of a cruise ship and European navigation regulations. Subject: Measures to promote the right to education. Subject: Immediate protection for Venice against the risks posed by large cruise ships entering the lagoon and urgent measures to avoid further disasters such as that which occurred off the island of Giglio. Subject: Investment in protection against rail noise.

Subject: Determining the maximum sustainable yield. Subject: Socioeconomic development of the fisheries sector and of maritime policy. Subject: Prohibition of dumping under the new Common Fisheries Policy. Subject: Risk of European citizens losing their confidence in the euro. Tsoukalas to the Commission. Subject: Agreements on free movement in the Balkan States. Subject: Acquisition of Community passports by citizens of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

Subject: Crisis in the Italian equestrian sector. Subject: Financing of police training centre in the Forest of Burgos, Sardinia.

Subject: Abolition of the practice of dumping unwanted catches. Subject: Collecting scientific data under the common fisheries policy. Subject: Converting unwanted fish catches into animal feed and fishmeal. Subject: Cases of corruption during privatisations in Serbia. Subject: The effectiveness of the application of the system of biometric passport controls.

Subject: Introduction within Europe of the specific offence of vehicular homicide. Subject: Possible tools with which to counter the Irish banking crisis.

Subject: Measures to facilitate train travel for large families. Subject: Anti-smoking legislation and smoking rooms in airports. Subject: Minimum safety distances of international shipping routes from coastlines. Subject: Impact on the marine environment of an operation proposed by the Italian authorities.

Subject: Dutch reform of the allowance for loss of purchasing power. Subject: The fuel quality directive and specific default values for tar sands. Subject: Fishing vessels included under the system of transferable fishing concessions proposed by the Commission.

Subject: Use of EU structural funds in the field of health. Subject: Regulating the powerful credit rating agencies. Subject: Assessing the impact of ratings agencies on the markets. Subject: Initiatives on employment and social affairs.

Subject: Accountability of credit rating agencies. Subject: Visits to the doctor and dentist at highly reduced prices on websites. Subject: Criminal liability for government officials who fail to meet deficit targets.

Merkies to the Commission. Subject: Restrictions in the choice of boxing materials. Subject: Commission's response to the silicone implants scandal. Subject: EMA audit report and conflicts of interest.

Subject: Costa Concordia cruise liner accident. Subject: Discrimination at the Fiat factory at Pomigliano Naples. Subject: European residency rules and deportation of third-country nationals. Subject: The Durban Conference, flexible instruments and the carbon market. Subject: Protection for patients receiving breast implants.

Subject: Waste and treatment not acceptable in landfills. Does the Commission believe that this represents discrimination on grounds of language? They remain, under the Treaty, within the jurisdiction of each Member State and under their sole responsibility, in accordance with their obligations under national and international law.

On the basis of the information provided by the Honorouble Member, it does not appear that in the matter referred to the Member State concerned did act in the course of implemention of Union law.

The Commission is therefore not in a position to comment on this issue. Specifically, he explained that his dismissal occurred after he had argued with a security guard about the use of Catalan and Spanish in the workplace. Does the Commission consider it lawful for European citizens to be dismissed from their place of work because of their personal beliefs? Does the Commission believe that European citizens may be discriminated against at work due to their choice of a language that is recognised by the laws relevant to the case?

Would the Commission consider proposing an amendment of the established legal framework in order to prevent situations such as that mentioned above from arising? They remain within the jurisdiction of each Member State, in accordance with their obligations under national and international law.

With the exception of legislation on anti-discrimination on the basis of nationality in the area of free movement of workers, language as such is not a criterion for which discrimination is prohibited under EU' other anti-discrimination legislation.

Therefore, the Commission is not in a position to comment on this issue. It does not extend to the use of language. It does not provide competence to adopt measures on the use of language. Therefore, apart the acquis in the area of free movement of workers on possible discrimination based on the use of a certain level of knowledge of a given language for access to certain posts, there is no basis in the Treaties to propose new legislation in this field.

However, the Commission acting within the limits of its competences as set out in the Treaty develops a policy to support linguistic diversity in the European Union. The Commission also commits itself to make strategic use of relevant EU programmes and initiatives to bring multilingualism closer to the citizen.

The application of the ECJ judgment could have harmful consequences for trade in bee products. In particular, it would require all honey to be systematically checked for traces of GM pollen, even though unintentional contamination is possible right across the Union, if only via commercial exchanges or scientific research experiments.

This judgment could also lead to the introduction of ultra-filtration, a technique used to remove pollen from honey. Its use deprives market operators of the only component of honey on the basis of which its geographic origin can be traced; in the long term, therefore, this practice could facilitate fraud in relation to the origin of honey, thus placing at risk both product quality and consumer health. In view of the foregoing, does the Commission intend to clarify the legal status of pollen contained in honey with respect to the legislation on GMOs, bearing in mind that honey is an.

With regard to ultrafiltration, does the Commission intend to propose an obligatory labelling system for honey for use by the food industry and to provide more information for consumers by, in particular, requiring the country of origin to be clearly stated, including when the honey is of mixed origin?

As regards filtered honey, under the directive no pollen or constituent particular to honey may be removed, except where this is unavoidable in the removal of foreign inorganic or organic matter.

Honey which is subject to ultrafiltration, which goes beyond the process of filtration permitted by the directive, cannot be described as honey. Member States must prohibit the marketing of honey which fails to conform to the provisions of the directive. Is a restriction excluding a player from selection for the England rugby team if he is attached to a French or Italian rugby club a restriction on the free movement of labour?

Sports rules should be investigated on a case-by-case basis in order to assess their compatibility with EU competition rules, taking into account the overall context and the rule's objectives.

It has to be assessed whether the rule pursues a legitimate objective, and whether the restrictive effects resulting from such a rule are inherent to the pursuit of that objective and are proportionate to its achievement. The Commission notes that, while salary caps limit the economic freedom of clubs, they seem to pursue a legitimate objective the promotion of equality in sporting competitions.

However, as mentioned above, sports rules have to be assessed in the context of the concrete circumstances. On the basis of the limited information, it is not possible to determine the rules' compatibility with EU competition law. The Commission considers that further analysis of the legal and factual elements of the planned refinements is needed in order to assess their compatibility with EU free movement rules. This exception was justified on non-economic grounds, relating to the particular nature and context of the sporting interest in matches between the national teams of different countries.

However, this exception must remain limited to its proper objective. If a country broke the rules, it had to take measures to reduce its deficit. If it broke the rules in three consecutive years, the Commission could impose a fine of up to 0.

The requirements of the Stability and Growth Pact SGP in its initial form have been developed further in various steps since


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