The work was an example of a courtesy book , dealing with questions of the etiquette and morality of the courtier , and was very influential in 16th-century European court circles. Castiglione was born in Casatico , near Mantua Lombardy into a family of the minor nobility, connected through his mother, Luigia Gonzaga, to the ruling Gonzagas of Mantua. In , at the age of sixteen, Castiglione was sent to Milan , then under the rule of Duke Ludovico Sforza , to begin his humanistic studies at the school of the renowned teacher of Greek and editor of Homer Demetrios Chalkokondyles Latinized as Demetrius Calcondila , and Georgius Merula. On a diplomatic mission to Rome , Castiglione met Francesco Gonzaga's brother-in-law, Guidobaldo da Montefeltro , Duke of Urbino , husband of Francesco's sister Elizabetta Gonzaga ; and in , a reluctant Francesco allowed Castiglione to leave and take up residence in that court. The court of Urbino at that time was one of the most refined and elegant in Italy, a cultural center ably directed and managed by the Duchess Elizabetta and her sister-in-law Emilia Pia , whose portraits, along with those of many of their guests, were painted by Raphael , himself a native of Urbino. The hosts and guests organized intellectual contests, pageants, dances, concerts, recitations, plays, and other cultural activities, producing brilliant literary works.
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Go to Link. In the best style of the Italian humanism, El Cortesano is an essay on politics and manners, characteristic of the Courtesan literature, that is developed in a fictional dialogue. The four days of this colloquium correspond with the four books of the volume in which participated distinguished friend of the Court of Urbino: the Dukes of the Urbino House, Giuliano de Medici, Gaspare Palavicino y Pietro Bembo, among others.
Castiglione describes, as if he was painting, the ideal of the courtier for the Italy of the sixteenth century, at the moment of the splendor of the humanist renaissance. The idealization of this paradigmatic character, which pretends to have transcendental knowledge and to proceed with justice, can be translated into the archetype of the Christian prince, model in force in Italy and Spain.
Both of them shared their attachment and respect for the original language, as well as a careful eagerness needed for a cultivated audience. Comments 0. Comments Comments are closed. Related Publications. El cancionero Chilidugu del padre Havestadt. Empresas morales de Juan de Borja. Parvus mundus. Govierno general, moral, y politico, hallado en las aves mas generosas y nobles, sacado de sus naturales virtudes y propiedades. Govierno general, moral y politico, hallado en las fieras y animales sylvestres.
Los cuatro libros del Cortesano
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Book called Called the Courtier, by Baldassare Castiglione