Dramaturgy is a sociological concept developed by Erving Goffman that uses the metaphor of theater to explain human behavior. Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that is a component of symbolic interactionism and is used in sociological analysis of everyday life. Developed by American sociologist Erving Goffman in his seminal text The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life , dramaturgy uses the metaphor of theater to explain human behavior. According to this perspective, individuals perform actions in everyday life as if they were performers on a stage. Identity is performed through roles.
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Loraine Padua. Johana Musalkova. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Erving Goffman - Dramaturgical Approach Presentation 1. What is happening in these situations? More systematic work: Kenneth Burke 6. Distinction of action and motion things move, men act 8. They build symbolic structures adding art to life.
Examples: politics, mass communications, leadership, social movements, rituals, ceremonies Erving Goffman: What is going on in social interaction? The self Social order He shows a very subversive writing Authors of: gender, madness, politics, communication, and society have written about Goffman, and there is a wide range of interest in his writings.
Where individuals present themselves to one another? Dramaturgy is a way of understanding social encounters using the analogy of a stage, or theatrical performance All social relationships are drama; people are masks in their relations to other.
Small scale interactions more than a bigger stage Setting - Physical layout and backgrounds Appearance - Everything we can do to our bodies Manner - What we do with our bodies Front stage Back stage Encounter — interaction that occurs one occasion Performance — activity of a given participant on any occasion To stay in one room apart from the party is to stay away from where reality is being performed.
People must follow what it is being performed. Dramatic realization - individual must express what he wishes to convey Role embracement- Idealized roles incorporate officially accredited values of society. Teacher, priests, parenthood, students. When a person violates moral demands of society When is different from the assumed categories Being productive, being successful, not being a criminal Society is dominated by individualism and competition We live in a society were failure is common Mark- a person who has compromised himself, in his own eyes if not in the eyes of others.
Leaving a role maybeinterpreted as a mark Eg: when a woman voluntarily gives up a profession in order to become a wife and a mother People have to be cooled out. Or not? You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips.
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Erving Goffman studied the interactions that take place in society at the micro-level. He took this perspective from theatre, he uses theatre as a metaphor to represent how people behave in society and represent themselves. They have certain goals in mind according to which they will behave. The behavior presented in such a case is the one that will be acceptable by the one to whom we want to give an impression.
What is Goffman’s dramaturgical theory ( Impression Management)?
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