ESCABIOSIS EN MEXICO PDF

Saavedra T. Sarna, otras acarosis. Santiago Chile ;pp Botero D, Restrepo M. Parasitosis Humanas. Enfermedades Causadas por Artropodos.

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Sarcoptic mange: report of an outbreak in a family and their pet. Complejo Asistencial Dr. Correspondencia a :. Scabies caused by the genus Sarcoptes scabiei var canis is a prevalent infection in dogs and affects abandoned, malnourished and overcrowded animals, causing hair loss and an intensely pruritic crusting dermatitis.

In humans the manifestation is a self-limiting pruritic dermatitis, but persistent cases are described.

An outbreak of sarcoptic mange is reported in a family group seven people, including a 5 month infant and his mother. The infective source was their own house dog who was taken from the street. The diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of mites and eggs in the acarotest of the dog and mites of S. Sarcoptic mange should be suspected in individuals with allergic dermatitis who have contact with dogs. Treatment in humans is usually symptomatic and may need miticides if the infection persists.

The control of the disease requires an appropriate pet treatment. Key words: Sarcoptic mange, scabies, zoonoses. En el ser humano produce una dermatitis pruriginosa generalmente autolimitada, pero se describen casos persistentes.

El control de la enfermedad requiere el adecuado tratamiento de la mascota. La subespecie que infecta al humano Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis es distinta a la que afecta a los animales. En los perros afecta preferentemente a cachorros y animales senescentes, generalmente abandonados, desnutridos y que viven en condiciones de hacinamiento. Los gatos rara vez se infestan y cuando ocurre se debe generalmente a que son portadores de inmunodeficiencia felina.

Figura 1. Figura 2. Figura 3. Ejemplar adulto de Sarcoptes scabiei en raspado de la piel del cachorro. Figura 4. Lesiones papulares y costrosas en la piel de zona maleolar de la lactante. Figura 5. Figura 6. Figura 7. Lesiones papulares, costrosas y escoriaciones en el cuello de la lactante.

El padre y la abuela fueron tratados con dos pulsos de ivermectina oral por persistencia de las lesiones. Figura 8. Ejemplar adulto de Sarcoptes scabiei en el raspado de la piel de la lactante de 5 meses. Se describe que el prurito se intensifica en la noche y en general, aparece en forma concomitante en al menos otro integrante de la familia El tratamiento de los animales infestados con S.

El tratamiento debe considerar el uso de acaricidas cuando las lesiones son persistentes y el control de la enfermedad requiere el adecuado tratamiento de la mascota. Lancet ; Canine scabies in humans: a case report and review of the literature. Dermatology ; A retrospective investigation into risk factors of sarcoptic mange in dogs. Parasitol Res ; Veterinary advice on skin disorders in dogs. Mites as a cause of zoonoses in human beings. Wien Klin Wochenschr ; Suppl 3 : Injurious effects in man induced by animals, Scabies itch mites.

Demis J D, Clinical Dermatology. Permethrin and ivermectin for scabies. N Engl J Med ; Surveillance system for infectious diseases of pets, Santiago, Chile.

Emerg Infect Dis ; Accedido: 10 de junio de Acarosis y zoonosis relacionadas. Rev Chilena Infectol ; Chapter 4: Parasitic zoonoses caused by mites. Zoonoses infectious disease transmissible from animals to humans. Apt W. Parasitic skin diseases. Muller and Kirk's Small Animal Dermatology. Rev Chil Dermatol ; Pet-related infections.

Am Fam Physician ; Management of scabies. Skin Therapy Lett ; Cheng T C. Editorial AC. Pediatric infestations. Pediatr Ann ; Interventions for treating scabies. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Lindane Lotion Medguide. Clinical practice. Deaths associated with ivermectin treatment of scabies. Ivermectin for crusted Norwegian scabies induced by use of topical steroids.

Arch Dermatol ; Ivermectin use in scabies. Biology, host relations, and epidemiology of Sarcoptes scabiei. Annu Rev Entomol ; Ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in Sarcoptes mites from different hosts and geographical regions.

Recibido: 6 de agosto de Aceptado: 23 de diciembre de Servicios Personalizados Revista. No hubo fuente de financiamiento. Correspondencia a : Scabies caused by the genus Sarcoptes scabiei var canis is a prevalent infection in dogs and affects abandoned, malnourished and overcrowded animals, causing hair loss and an intensely pruritic crusting dermatitis.

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