Mare Liberum or The Freedom of the Seas is a book in Latin on international law written by the Dutch jurist and philosopher Hugo Grotius , first published in In The Free Sea , Grotius formulated the new principle that the sea was international territory and all nations were free to use it for seafaring trade. The disputation was directed towards the Portuguese Mare clausum policy and their claim of monopoly on the East Indian Trade. Grotius wrote the treatise while being a counsel to the Dutch East India Company over the seizing of the Santa Catarina Portuguese carrack issue. Grotius' argument was that the sea was free to all, and that nobody had the right to deny others access to it.
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Login via Institution. Author: Robert Feenstra. Starting from a comparison with the autographic manuscript, Robert Feenstra undertook a verification of the text of the first and only authorised edition — in particular of the numerous marginal references — resulting in many corrections and further annotations. E-Book PDF. Prices from excl. VAT :. View PDF Flyer. Contents About. By: R. Pages: i—viii. By: Jeroen Vervliet. Pages: ix—xxx. Pages: xxxi—lxv. Pages: 25— Pages: 31— Pages: 37— Pages: 41— Pages: 49— Pages: 95— Pages: 99— Pages: — He has been engaged in Grotian studies for more than forty years.
On that occasion he started work on a new critical edition of De jure belli ac pacis , which finally appeared in and served as a model for the present edition of Mare liberum.
Jeroen Vervliet studied history and law at the University of Amsterdam and is currently Director of the Peace Palace Library in The Hague, which preserves a world-famous collection of works by Hugo Grotius. Bilateral Negotiations and a Battle of Books around Mare liberum 3. Legal history, History of international law, Public international law, Grotius studies, 17th century intellectual history, Dutch history, Colonial history, Humanism.
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Hugo Grotius Mare Liberum 1609-2009
Full site Title names Author names Essays Groups. David Armitage Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, The book first appeared in Leiden as a pocket-sized quarto volume from the famous publishing house of Elzevier in the spring of Though self-taught as a lawyer, his reputation as an advocate and adviser was growing, along with his political influence. By publishing Mare Liberum, he was displaying the literary, rhetorical, and philosophical talents that had won him his burgeoning fame and respect, and he was also intervening in two political debates of pivotal significance for his own country. The first was the relationship between the United Provinces and the Spanish monarchy, from which the Dutch had broken away in ; the second was the Dutch right to commercial penetration in Southeast Asia.
Online Library of Liberty
At the time of the commission, Grotius was twenty-one years old. The Mare Liberum is propagandistic in its intention and makes a plea for traders from Holland to freely access market places and emporia in Asia by unimpeded navigation on the high seas. The freedom of navigation forms a subset to the overarching arguments on the freedom of access and trade. This particular interpretation stands in sharp contrast to past interpretations of Mare Liberum, insofar as these have placed the freedom of the seas — and not the issue of trade — at the forefront of scholarly attention.