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Liberalism, Liberal Egalitarianism or Communitarianism? Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Three philosophies have different proposals and pathways in the ethical field of the study and the solution of problems relating to justice: liberalism, liberal egalitarianism and communitarianism.

His representatives are called respectively liberal, liberal- egalitarian and communitarian. These philosophies have more plausible ways of problem solving than the liberal way. Accordingly, the liberal egalitarianism and communitarianism not necessarily repel.

On the contrary, they can be applied jointly, which will be demonstrated in this paper. This hypothesis is developed and confirmed in this paper through the survey and study of the relevant doctrine.

Luck egalitarianism. Luck egalitarianism is a family of egalitarian theories of distributive justice that aim to counteract the distributive effects of luck. This article explains luck egalitarianism 's main ideas, and the debates that have accompanied its rise to prominence. There are two main parts to the discussion. Robert Nozick: Utopia in libertarian perspective.

In the closing section various critiques of this libertarian conception are analyzed. Communities are treated as selfsufficient entities in a way that is in line with the communitarian standpoint, but incongruent with the republican model of integration.

Il libertarianism : saggio bibliografico. The essay is an overview of libertarian literature. It begins dealing with lexical issues concerning the meaning of liberalism, classical liberalism, conservatism and libertarianism. There are two meanings of libertarianism : a large one, as a free market oriented liberalism, and a strict one, as an extreme classical liberalism which calls in question the State as the main enemy of liberty.

Novelist Ayn Rand is one of the main sources for contemporary libertarian theory, althoug This paper offers a defense against two accusations according to which libertarianism incurs in a category-mistake.

The philosophy of Gilbert Ryle will be used to explain the reasons which ground these accusations. Further, it will be shown why, although certain sorts of libertarianism based on agent-causation or Cartesian dualism incur in these mistakes, there is at least one version of libertarianism to which this criticism does not necessarily apply: the version that seeks to find in physi The Understanding of libertarianism.

Full Text Available This scientific article treats of libertarianism. This school of political thought is based on methodological individualism, methodological subjectivism, anti-empiricism, apriorism.

Libertarian philosophers demand almost absolute freedom in every area of life and that is why they are at the opposite pole to all totalitarian ideologies. Full Text Available This paper offers a defense against two accusations according to which libertarianism incurs in a category-mistake.

Further, it will be shown why, although certain sorts of libertarianism based on agent-causation or Cartesian dualism incur in these mistakes, there is at least one version of libertarianism to which this criticism does not necessarily apply: the version that seeks to find in physical indeterminism the grounding of human free will.

A Dual Egalitarian Solution. In this note we introduce an egalitarian solution, called the dual egalitarian solution, that is the natural counterpart of the egalitarian solution of Dutta and Ray We prove, among others, that for a convex game the egalitarian solution coincides with the dual egalitarian solution for its.

Libertarianism and Immigration. Full Text Available In this paper I investigate the libertarian account of immigration. In the first section I distinguish between right- libertarianism and left- libertarianism. The conclusion sets the libertarian framework as being flawed in its argumentation on the issue of immigration because it fails to provide strong arguments about the fact that the individuals are free to choose to open or close the borders.

Libertarianism and Original Appropriation. The article is devoted to the problem of the structure of libertarian theory of justice. It tries to present a map of the main concepts and principles of this theory and to investigate its possible justifications. It explains such fundamental concepts as original appropriation, homesteading, labour theory of property or first possession theory of original appropriation. The article shows merits and drawbacks of alternative libertarian principles of justice in first acquisition and proposes a In contrast to many other recent books about libertarianism , a consistent non-compromising libertarianism is defended throughout this book.

Libertarian Anarchism Is Apodictically Correct. Psychological constraints on egalitarianism. I argue for two theses, one normative and one descriptive. The normative thesis holds that egalitarians must take psychological constraints into account when constructing egalitarian ideals.

I draw from non-ideal theories in political The descriptive thesis holds that the most fundamental psychological challenge to egalitarian ideals comes from what Debates over egalitarianism for the most part are not concerned with constraints on achieving an egalitarian society, beyond discussions of the deficiencies of egalitarian theory itself. This paper looks beyond objections to egalitarianism as such and investigates the relevant psychological He argues that libertarians should, therefore, accept a limited form of positive rights, which will allow for the creation of a libertarian government.

In this paper, it is argued that the entailment of anarchism is not a problem for libertarianism , and that the form of positive rights endorsed by Maloberti is unfounded, ill-defined, and inconsistent with libe Authoritarian versus responsive communitarian bioethics. A communitarian approach to bioethics adds a core value to a field that is often more concerned with considerations of individual autonomy.

Some interpretations of liberalism put the needs of the patient over those of the community; authoritarian communitarianism privileges the needs of society over those of the patient. Responsive communitarianism 's main starting point is that we face two conflicting core values, autonomy and the common good, and that neither should be a priori privileged and that we have principles and procedure that can be used to work out this conflict but not to eliminate it.

Additionally, it favours changing behaviour mainly through the creation of norms and by drawing on informal social control rather than by coercion. Luck Egalitarianism and Procreation. Luck egalitarianism seems to imply firstly, that children are owed equal. A Genealogy of Neoliberal Communitarianism.

Based on an analysis of the strategic case of the Netherlands, the emergence of what can be called neoliberal communitarianism is discussed. In this paper, it is argued that the entailment of anarchism is not a problem for libertarianism , and that the form of positive rights endorsed by Maloberti is unfounded, ill-defined, and inconsistent with libertarian notions of individual freedom.

Mere Libertarianism : Blending Hayek and Rothbard. As many have argued, libertarianism as idea and movement contains strands that often conflict, beg questions, or try our sensibilities. There are multiple libertarianisms. Two leading theorists of modern libertarianism are Friedrich Hayek and Murray Rothbard. Both pupils of Ludwig von Mises, Hayek and Rothbard provide dual libertarianisms that share a common precept but sustain that precept in inverse ways.

Both Hayek and Rothbard maintain that, in societies like theirs, the desirable always Casuistry and its communitarian critics. Communitarian critics have derided case-based reasoning for ignoring the need to arrive at a shared hierarchy of goods prior to case resolution. They claim that such a failure means that casuistry depends on either a naive metaphysical realism or an ethical conventionalism.

Casuistry does embrace a certain unobjectionable moral realism and can require appeals to narrative histories, but despite this dependence on the surrounding culture, casuists possess a way to remain critical of society through the concept of practical wisdom and the use of a moral taxonomy. Therefore, casuistry's viability depends upon the existence and employment of this Aristotelian virtue.

Furthermore, the casuistry that emerges is a sophisticated type of communitarianism rather than a free-standing method. Conservative Libertarianism and the Ethics of Borders.

Full Text Available Many conservatives endorse a defence of closed borders grounded in basic liberal rights such as the basic right of association. Some conservatives also endorse libertarian principles of legitimacy.

It is not clear though that this sort of defence of closed borders is somehow coherent with these libertarian ideals. I argue that conservative libertarians of this kind must reject this defence of closed borders because either it collapses into a form of statism incoherent with libertarian principles of legitimacy, or into an ideal precept without appeal regarding reality in the here and now that could only be applied to changing the very nature of the societies we know.

As a result, at least conservative libertarians need to find a different source of justification for closed borders. Libertarians are an increasingly prominent ideological group in U. Across 16 measures in a large web-based sample that included 11, self-identified libertarians , we sought to understand the moral and psychological characteristics of self-described libertarians.

Based on an intuitionist view of moral judgment, we focused on the underlying affective and cognitive dispositions that accompany this unique worldview. Compared to self-identified liberals and conservatives, libertarians showed 1 stronger endorsement of individual liberty as their foremost guiding principle, and weaker endorsement of all other moral principles; 2 a relatively cerebral as opposed to emotional cognitive style; and 3 lower interdependence and social relatedness.

As predicted by intuitionist theories concerning the origins of moral reasoning, libertarian values showed convergent relationships with libertarian emotional dispositions and social preferences. Our findings add to a growing recognition of the role of personality differences in the organization of political attitudes. Understanding libertarian morality: the psychological dispositions of self-identified libertarians.

This essay advances a libertarian theory of moral rights, which responds effectively to some serious objections that have been raised against libertarianism. I defend strong moral rights of human, pre-natal organisms, infants and children against all agents to certain non-interference with their physical integrity.

Temporal Justice, Youth Quotas and Libertarianism. Quotas, including youth quotas for representative institutions, are usually evaluated from within the social justice discourse. That discourse relies on several questionable assumptions, seven of which I critically address and radically revise in this contribution from a libertarian perspective.

Egalitarianism in young children. Human social interaction is strongly shaped by other-regarding preferences, that is, a concern for the welfare of others.

These preferences are important for a unique aspect of human sociality-large scale cooperation with genetic strangers-but little is known about their developmental roots. Here we show that young children's other-regarding preferences assume a particular form, inequality aversion that develops strongly between the ages of 3 and 8.

At age , the overwhelming majority of children behave selfishly, whereas most children at age prefer resource allocations that remove advantageous or disadvantageous inequality. Moreover, inequality aversion is strongly shaped by parochialism, a preference for favouring the members of one's own social group.

These results indicate that human egalitarianism and parochialism have deep developmental roots, and the simultaneous emergence of altruistic sharing and parochialism during childhood is intriguing in view of recent evolutionary theories which predict that the same evolutionary process jointly drives both human altruism and parochialism.


Teoría de Elección Racional: estructura conceptual y evolución reciente.

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La Naturaleza de La Racionalidad

Published in: Colombia Internacional No. This article hopes to facilitate dialogue within political studies by presenting a general description of the conceptual structure of Rational Choice Theory, RCT. The main goal is to present precisely and concretely the basic precepts of RCT both on its original formulation and on the adjustments that have been adopted in reply to internal and external critiques. The article concludes with some brief reflections on the usefulness of RCT in political science, not aimed at discussing the applicability of RCT in the social sciences, a discussion beyond the scope of the paper, but to initiate a discussion about how RCT constitutes itself as a theoretical framework that facilitates dialogue within the discipline. Almond, Gabriel.


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