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Test in g Zimbardo Time Perspective. Inventory in a Brazilian Sample. This paper exam in es the construct and discrim in ant validity of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. ZTPI in a sample of undergraduate Brazilian students. The ZTPI five-factor structure, comprised by.
Present-Hedonistic correlated positively with. Los resultados encontrados concuerdan con los estudios anteriores, in dicando que las c in co. TP see, e. It was ma in ly. Follow in g the Lew in ian tradition, Zimbardo and Boyd. Keough et al. Therefore, this. In l in e with previous f in d in gs. Second, the discrim in ant. Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. A Brazilian -. S in gle Self-Report Items. Three sets of s in gle self-report. An average of 30 m in utes was necessary for.
GFI goodness of fit in dex ,. F in ally, in Model 3 the. The five-. Fatalistic presented the lower mean rat in g for the Brazilian.
Hedonistic correlated positively with dr in k in g habit, and. The Zimbardo Time Perspective. Brazilian sample. The ZTPI presented low fit in dices, low. The results in dicated. Zimbardo and Boyd also found that pastpositive. For this sample,. However, although these f in d in gs are theoretically.
Hence, these f in d in gs should be. For in stance, analyz in g the magnitude of meta-analytic effect. In conclusion, the f in d in gs present in itial support for. The overall f in d in gs were in l in e with previous.
We believe these f in d in gs support the importance. Boyd, J. Construct in g time after. Carm in es, E. Analyz in g models with.
Corral-Verdugo, V. Epel, E. Escap in g. Evaluat in g the use of exploratory factor analysis in. Gjesme, T. Introduction: An in quiry in to the concept of. Time perspective and health-promot in g behavior in a cardiac. Hodg in s, D. Future time perspective in. Hu, L. Cutoff criteria for fit in dexes in. Keough, K. Time perspective as a predictor of. Lenn in gs, C. The Stanford Time Perspective Inventory :. Lew in , K. Field theory in the social sciences: Selected.
Hels in ki, F in land: Department of Psychology,. Zimbardo , P. Creat in g the optimally balanced. Putt in g time in perspective:.
O dest in o determ in a muita coisa em m in ha vida. Perde toda a alegria do processo e atrapalha o fluxo das m in has atividades, se eu tiver que pensar sobre seus.
Belo Viviany S. Present-Hedonistic correlated positively with alcohol consumption and negatively with religiosity, Future correlated positively with health concern, and negatively with alcohol consumption, and Past-Positive correlated positively with wristwatch use.
F in d in gs were in l in e with previous studies, in dicat in g that both the five time perspective dimensions can be identified cognitively, and their pattern of relationships with other variables are comparable across cultures. Los resultados encontrados concuerdan con los estudios anteriores, in dicando que las c in co dimensiones de perspectiva del tiempo pueden ser identificadas cognitivamente. A time orientation i.
Many time facets have been studied, such as pace of life, rhythm, time allocation, developmental cycles, time cont in uity and change, and temporal scales McGrath, a. This paper will focus on the pace of life, that, in turn, can be understood through the study of time perspective TP see, e. Hence, TP enables us to understand why in dividuals are in fluenced to behave by their view of the future, by their recollections of the past, or R.
Several measures have been developed to capture TP see, e. A further dimension, Transcendental-Future, was also proposed and measured by Boyd and Zimbardo , but is not considered here. The ZTPI five dimensions have been related to several constructs.
A brief description of these dimensions and their correlations with other constructs are described below. Because of space constra in ts the correlations will not be discussed here, but the in terested reader should refer to the orig in al research.
This TP dimension reflects a pessimistic, negative, or aversive attitude toward the past. This dimension reflects a hedonistic orientation attitude toward time and life. This dimension reflects plann in g for, and achievement of, future goals, characteriz in g a general future orientation. Female presented higher scores than male in this TP dimension Keough et al.
This dimension embodies a warm, sentimental, nostalgic, and positive construction of the past. Both pathological gamblers and psychiatric patients presented higher scores in Past-Positive than social R.
This TP dimension reflects a fatalistic, helpless, and hopeless attitude toward the future and life. TP are thus expressed through these five ZTPI dimensions, and in dividuals may differ from one another in the degree to which they assign more emphasis in one particular dimension.
It is important to po in t out, however, that human behaviour is more a mixture of all TP dimensions rather than a pure expression of any dimension in particular Jones, ; Zimbardo , First, the cross-cultural stability of the factor structure of the ZTPI was tested. Second, the discrim in ant validity was assessed by in vestigat in g the pattern of relationships between the ZTPI scales and other variables. Based on previous f in d in gs some predictions were made: a Present-Hedonistic was expected to be positively correlated to alcohol consumption Keough et al.
Method Sample A questionnaire-based study was conducted with undergraduate students females and males from Joao Pessoa, Brazil. This latter sample was used to further in vestigate the age relation to TP. Instruments Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Three sets of s in gle self-report items were used to assess the pattern of relationships between the ZTPI scales and other variables: 1 Sociodemographic questions.
Age, gender, religiosity on a 8- po in t scale anchored by not religious at all and very religious , and self-perceived family economic status on a 9-po in t scale anchored by lower in come and upper in come were measured.
Participants rated how concerned they were, in general, about their health and to know the right time both questions us in g a 5-po in t scale anchored by not at all concerned and extremely concerned. Participants also rated how often they wear a wristwatch on a 5-po in t scale anchored by never and always.
Participants rated the most they had drunk on a s in gle occasion in the last month and the average number of dr in ks consumed on a typical weekend both questions us in g a 9-po in t scale anchored by 0 dr in ks and 15 or more dr in ks Keough et al.
This first Brazilian -Portuguese version was then adm in istered to two bil in guals Brazilian s residents in New Zealand for their comments.
After modifications, a revised version was adm in istered in a pilot study in Brazil. Checks on translation accuracy were completed with subsequent correction when necessary.
Test in g Zimbardo Time Perspective. Inventory in a Brazilian Sample. This paper exam in es the construct and discrim in ant validity of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. ZTPI in a sample of undergraduate Brazilian students. The ZTPI five-factor structure, comprised by. Present-Hedonistic correlated positively with. Los resultados encontrados concuerdan con los estudios anteriores, in dicando que las c in co.
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