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The source of that time has to be tested and examine critically. After exploring the sources and when the understanding level of your mind reached its peak then the text or analysis written by the author is valuable. Other than this, a writer who has no prior knowledge of that era or event and if he researches then it would be obsolete or gives a picture which is not close to reality and is imaginative thought of the writer.
How would we analyze that any specific book or source was inaccurate? By comparing and matching any particular writer's account with the other writer's writing. This gives you the evidence that whether the source is correct or inaccurate. The Mughal era has a great importance in South Indian history from and it is also significant because of the ruler of British Empire that ruled India.
The Mughals were the followers of Turco-Persian traditions. The source material for mughals is extensive. This period is known for a number of excellent books which would be considered masterpieces anywhere. This book was chronologically arranged or the given data by author was accurate or not. In my research paper I tried to compare the events of this book with contemporaries and other sources which are available to everybody.
The information of author was also examined in my research paper. Methodology, which is used to compose this assignment, is the qualitative research methodology for qualitative research methodology book from seminar library which are minute in number are used as well as available internet sources and different educational sites were visited, it might be more helpful and interesting for making assignment.
This book was originally written in Persian language, which was the common language at the time of mughal era but later it was translated into English by Sir Jadunath Sarkar. But after the author had completed the first decade, the Emperor forbade him to continue it any further.
Aurangzibfound himself too much involved with the tribes on the Afghan frontier and was soon afterwards too hard pressed by the Rajputs and the Marathas, to allow him to spend any thought or money on such non-utilitarian purposes as the compilation of a florid and verbose chronicle of his reign. And his circumstances did not improve up to the end of his life. Thus it happened that no complete history of his reign came to be officially composed while he lived. This book provides a complete Social, Political and Economic aspects during the reign of Alamgir.
In this book writer divided one year of Alamgir reign into one chapter overall this book contains fifty one chapters. Through this book Maasir-i-Alamgiri reader will easily examine how Alamgir came to throne and what was his thinking when he became emperor.
After a first ten years of Alamgir reign things change rapidly, According to my personal opinion change of writer effects change of events too.
At the starting of his reign his attitude was quite similar to the earlier king of Mughal Empire or the kings of other empire. He was luxurious in is life style and inclined towards music and others entertainments but after a decade he remain luxurious but he excluded musicians from his court and his attitude tilted towards religious.
The work is based upon certain types of documentary evidence writer describes in this work the wars waged by Aurangzib. It is very obvious that the Emperor was always in trouble-a fact which might have made him entirely dependent on the mercy of God.
Aurangzib upset the administrative and financial system perfected by Akbar. It profoundly disturbed the plural culture of India, and enfeebled the fabric of Indian civilization.
A redeeming feature of the work is the description of many interesting places in the Indian subcontinent. The condensed translation of this work by Sir Jadunath Sarkar is an evidence of his great capacity for hard work. The translation is remarkably lucid. The reprint of this work in the Bibliotheca India series would be beneficial to the students of the history of the later Mughals. He assisted his patron, during the last seventeen years of his life, in the composition of the Mirat-ul-Alam, which Aurangzib authorized him after Bakhtawar death, to make public.
Educated in English literature at Presidency College, Calcutta, Sarkar at first taught English and later shifted to history during his tenure —17 at Patna College. His first book, India of Aurangzib, was published in His five-volume History of Aurangzib took 25 years to complete and was published in Sarkar devoted another 25 years to his four-volume fall of the Mughal Empire, completed in All his works demonstrate his vast knowledge of Persian-language sources and are skillfully written in English.
Sarkar served as vice chancellor of the University of Calcutta — He did a lot of work on mughals especially on Alamgir. Emperor starts this book with book Kazim Khan one of the court historian of his empire but only he compiled a ten year history of his starting period. Due to some reasons which I explained in the past introduction emperor stopped working many department of his empire. So, the large period of time missing of the official record of history. So, Maasir-i- Alamgiri is the outcome of this.
In mid of 20th C. E Sir Jadunath Sarkar translated this book in English and provide the historical record of last capable mughal ruler reign.
Although there were many other books too including primary source and secondary sources which gave a lot of information of reign of Alamgir. But Maasir-i-Alamgiri has its own importance because it contains complete account of Alamgir period.
This book contains only five years of Alamgir reign. There were many other Europeans too who wrote their travelogues during mughal period. The purpose of writing book is very clear to preserve the official account of history during Alamgir. There was the trend set by Akbar of giving an official record of history which was followed by their all descendants. There was general perspective behind preventing or writing their events by themselves what they wanted to be known to other.
There were books which are great source of information of mughal period. In Maasir-i-Alamgiri there were two writers involved with two superior authority. Now can we think that these two superior authority or emperor enable writer to write any bad or negative thing about emperor or his reign? He celebrates this event with music and many other entertainments till Zil. During these days emperor gave promotions a lot of gifts in cash or in other ways or Kazim Khan repeatedly write these lines in many chapter in this book.
During his second coronation emperor issued a gold coins. Alamgir was very regularly celebrating his solar or lunar birthday and rewarding gifts, promotions to their minister and gold and gave this gold to charity.
Although this was the time Alamgir mind was change and showing importance towards religion and this event was not allowed in religious practice. More interestingly Emperor celebrates his birthday every year with new month and new dates this doubt about the authority of dates in this book. Very first religious offensive seemed in C. E 12th year of his reign. His majesty eager to establish Islam.
Secondly in same year it was reported that Emperor give the command of demolishing the temples, on his command his officers had demolish the temple of viswanath at kashi.
This practice disturb the harmony and religious tolerance many Muslim and Hindu which was created by Akbar. This extreme religious orthodoxy cause the decline of mughal and other problem like internal conflicts and rise of Rajputana states and Marathas. Eager of implementation of Islamic leas and tradition with the ambitions of suppressed and demolish the number of infidels.
Emperor star change or giving Islamic outlook to his administration. His stopped heir courtiers and other officers to salute each other. This was the thirteenth year of Alamgir governance. After looking over the accounts of disbursement. Emperor retrenched many items of the expenditure of the emperor, the princess and the begums. Prince Muhammad Muazzam had been instigated by flatters to act in a self — willed and independent manner.
The emperor letters of advice producing no effect. He summoned the princess mother. Nawab Bai from deli in order to send her to her son for bringing back to the right path if any trace of recall tyranny was found in him.
Iftikhar khan was sent to the prince with a verbal message of mingled kindness and reproach. The khan speedily went to his distinction and discharged his mission and later Muazzam khan came back on right path and emperor forgive him. Before this event one event occurred that was the rising of shiver.
Ruhullah khan khan-i-saman, Siadat khan, Abdur Rahim khan,Shaikh Nizam and Mulla Muhammad Yaqub were ordered to bury him near to the tomb of khuwaja Qutbuddin and to get the whole quran recited and alms distributed for the peace of his soul. I abolish the celebration return the peshkash sent by the Amir-ul-Amara and other grandees are not to make any present to me.
Mens, who have no such drawers as are sanctioned by the canonical law, should come dressed in socks. Jazia should be collected from the infidels zimnnis of the capital and the provinces. Many of the honest scholars of the time were appointed to discharge the work of collecting jazia. On 31st year of Alamgir reign a great success wrote in his account on the compound of emperor an expedition was set on horses of Alamgir reign like Bahadur khan and other.
AbulHassan and Sarandaz khan Batni Bijapur. The prince, who was staying at the river that flows at the foot of the fort in order to support this corps, now reached the entrenchment and struck up the music of victory. In this campaign or in capturing this fort imperial army spends eight months and few days.
The strength of his fort, the charms of this city and the climate of the country.
Written in the original Persian, this account of the reign of the Mughal emperor Aurangzib-Alamgir reigned is a standard resource for the this final great ruler of the empire. The chronicles of the emperors of this period in India are in general a blend of biography and history, but in the case of Aurangzib, the emperor is portrayed in terms of unstinting praise. Known for enlarging the Mughal Empire and enforcing Islamic law throughout his realm, Aurangzib was engaged in constant wars that left the country falling his reign susceptible to threats from both within and without. A fascinating blend of history and tradition, as well as a linguistic exercise, this Persian edition will provide hours of reading for the historian of India as well as the Mughal Empire. Register Log in.
Maasir I Alamgiri of Muhammad Saqi Musta'idd Khan
The work is based upon certain types of documentary evidence, which has been noted by Sir Jadunath Sarkar, who has translated this work in a condensed form, in the Introduction. Saqi Must'ad Khan describes in this work the wars waged by Aurangzib. It is very obvious that the Emperor was always in trouble-a fact which might have made him entirely dependent on the mercy of God. Aurangzib upset the administrative and financial system perfected by Akbar. It profoundly disturbed the plural culture of India, and enfeebled the fabric of Indian civilization. A redeeming feature of the work is the description of many interesting places in the Indian subcontinent. The condensed translation of this work by Sir Jadunath Sarkar is an evidence of his great capacity for hard work.